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Patterns and Spillovers

Jesus Gonzalez-Garcia, Ermal Hitaj, Montfort Mlachila, Arina Viseth, and Mustafa Yenice



Front Matter Page

©2016 International Monetary Fund

Cover Design: IMF Multimedia Services

Composition: AGS, an RR Donnelley Company

Cataloging-in-Publication Data

Joint Bank-Fund Library

Names: Gonzalez-Garcia, Jesus. | Hitaj, Ermal. | Mlachila, Montfort. | Viseth, Arina. | Yenice, Mustafa. | International Monetary Fund. Spillover Task Force.

Title: Sub-Saharan African migration : patterns and spillovers / Jesus Gonzalez-Garcia, Ermal Hitaj, Montfort Mlachila, Arina Viseth, and Mustafa Yenice.

Other titles: Spillover notes (International Monetary Fund) ; 9.

Description: [Washington, DC] : Spillover Task Force, International Monetary Fund, 2016. | Spillover notes / International Monetary Fund ; 9 | October 2016. | Includes bibliographical references.

Identifiers: ISBN 9781475546668

Subjects: LCSH: Africa, Sub-Saharan—Emigration and immigration—Economic aspects. | Income distribution—Africa, Sub-Saharan. | Refugees—Africa, Sub-Saharan.

Classification: LCC HB2121.A3 G65 2016

ISBN: 978-1-47554-666-8 (paper)

DISCLAIMER: Spillover Notes present detailed IMF work on spillover issues. The views expressed in Spillover Notes are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent the views of the IMF, its Executive Board, or IMF management.

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  • Introduction and Summary

  • Migration Patterns in Sub-Saharan Africa

    • Overview

    • Migration within Sub-Saharan Africa

      • Some Stylized Facts

      • Determinants of Migration within Sub-Saharan Africa: A Short Survey of the Literature

      • Forced Migration

    • Migration outside Sub-Saharan Africa

    • What Determines Migration outside Sub-Saharan Africa?

  • Demographic Transition and Global Migration

  • Brain Drain and Brain Gain

    • Brain Drain versus Brain Gain

    • Review of Empirical Evidence for Sub-Saharan Africa

  • The Macroeconomic Role of Remittances

    • Evolution and Trends

    • Economic Impact of Remittances

      • Growth and Poverty Reduction

      • Reduction of Macroeconomic Volatility

      • A Word of Caution

  • Concluding Remarks

  • Annex 1. Robustness Check

  • References

  • Figures

  • 1. Stocks of Sub-Saharan African Migrants

  • 2. Migration within Sub-Saharan Africa: Top Receiving Countries and Migration Corridors

  • 3. Migration within Sub-Saharan Africa: Top Senders of Migrants, 2013

  • 4. Migration within Sub-Saharan Africa and Refugees, 1990–2013

  • 5. Sub-Saharan Africa as a Refugee Destination

  • 6. Refugees and Internally Displaced Population, 2000

  • 7. Migration to the Rest of the World

  • 8. Migration from Sub-Saharan Africa to the Rest of the World: Main Countries of Origin

  • 9. Migration to the Rest of the World: Main Destination Countries

  • 10. Population and Mortality Rate

  • 11. Demographic Trends and Migration

  • 12. Sub-Saharan Africa: Emigration of the Most Highly Skilled

  • 13. Selected Financial Flows in Developing Countries and Sub-Saharan Africa

  • 14. Remittances to Sub-Saharan Africa: Top Receivers, 2013–15

  • Table

  • 1. Determinants of Migration from Developing to OECD Countries, 1997–2013

  • Box

  • 1. Contribution of Sub-Saharan Africa to the Flow of Refugees toward Europe

Sub-Saharan African Migration: Patterns and Spillovers
Author: Mr. Jesus R Gonzalez-Garcia, Mr. Ermal Hitaj, Mr. Montfort Mlachila, Arina Viseth, and Mustafa Yenice