Front Matter
  • 1 0000000404811396https://isni.org/isni/0000000404811396International Monetary Fund
  • | 2 0000000404811396https://isni.org/isni/0000000404811396International Monetary Fund

Front Matter Page

Fiscal Affairs Department

Table of Contents

  • ABSTRACT

  • I. INTRODUCTION

  • II. MEASURING EXPOSURE TO ROUTINIZATION: THE RTI INDEX

  • A. Measuring Routineness

  • B. The Gender RTI Gap

  • C. Decomposing the Gender RTI Gap

  • III. RISK OF AUTOMATION AND THE FUTURE OF WORK FOR WOMEN

  • A. Estimating the Probability of Automation

  • B. Gender Differences in Probability of Automation

  • IV. NARROWING GENDER GAPS ACROSS GENERATIONS

  • V. CONCLUSION

  • FIGURES

  • 1. Relationship Between Female Labor Force Participation and Size of Manufacturing Sector and the Gender RTI Gap

  • 2. Gender Differences in RTI by Occupation

  • 3. Gender Gap in High Risk of Automation Across Sectors

  • 4. Gender Gap in High Risk of Automation Across Occupations

  • 5. Changes in Occupational Shares by Gender (1994–2016)

  • 6. Gender Gaps in High Risk of Automation by Generation and Educational Level

  • TABLES

  • 1. Questionnaire Items Used to Construct RTI

  • 2. Gender Differences in RTI Components

  • 3. RTI Decomposition: Drivers of RTI Gap

  • 4. Gender Differences in Probability of Automation and SML

  • 5. Correlation of RTI Components and Probability of Automation

  • 6. Gender Gaps in High Risk of Automation by Generation and Occupation

  • 7. Gender Gaps in High Risk of Automation by Generation and Sector

  • APPENDICES

  • 1. Data and Definitions of RTI and ICT Use Indices

  • 2. Additional Tables

  • REFERENCES

Is Technology Widening the Gender Gap? Automation and the Future of Female Employment
Author: Mariya Brussevich, Ms. Era Dabla-Norris, and Salma Khalid