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International Monetary Fund

Economic and social indicators in Zimbabwe worsened significantly in 2008. Real GDP is estimated to have fallen by about 14 percent in 2008 owing to economic disruptions caused by hyperinflation and a further significant deterioration in the business climate. Executive Directors have welcomed the authorities’ Short-Term Emergency Recovery Program (STERP) that is based on sound principles of macroeconomic management. Directors have also underscored the importance of establishing fiscal discipline while ensuring the delivery of essential public services.

International Monetary Fund
Economic and social indicators in Zimbabwe worsened significantly in 2008. Real GDP is estimated to have fallen by about 14 percent in 2008 owing to economic disruptions caused by hyperinflation and a further significant deterioration in the business climate. Executive Directors have welcomed the authorities’ Short-Term Emergency Recovery Program (STERP) that is based on sound principles of macroeconomic management. Directors have also underscored the importance of establishing fiscal discipline while ensuring the delivery of essential public services.
Ms. Sònia Muñoz
Zimbabwe's failure to address continuing central bank quasi-fiscal losses has interfered with both monetary management and the independence and credibility of the Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe (RBZ). Realized quasi-fiscal losses are estimated to have amounted to about 75 percent of GDP in 2006. Because they were financed by creating money creation or issuing RBZ securities, they contributed to the four-digit inflation reached in 2006. The remedy for the current situation is clearly to eliminate the causes of losses by implementing measures to improve the cash-flow of the bank and restore its financial position.
International Monetary Fund

This Selected Issues paper and Statistical Appendix analyzes recent trends in poverty and social indicators for Zimbabwe. It discusses land reform, agricultural policies, and the outcomes. The paper presents background information on the evolution of inflation and money aggregates in Zimbabwe. It analyzes the demand of money since the late 1990s, and discusses factors that can lead to diverging paths of inflation and money growth in the short term. The paper also analyzes Zimbabwe’s export performance in recent years, and identifies the factors that could improve export performance, from both a quantitative and qualitative perspective.