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International Monetary Fund
Poverty reduction strategies (PRS) are central to Fund-supported economic and financial programs in low-income countries (LICs). The joint IMF-World Bank’s Heavily Indebted Poor Country (HIPC) Initiative introduced the PRS approach and established documentation requirements centered on the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP). The PRS approach has also been a cornerstone for the Fund’s concessional financing, currently the Extended Credit Facility (ECF), and has been extended to the Policy Support Instruments (PSI), the non-financing instrument for LICs, with PRS documentation serving as the operational framework for development of strategies to promote growth and reduce poverty under Fund-supported programs.
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
La edición del Boletín del FMI para la web se actualiza varias veces a la semana, y contiene una amplia variedad de artículos sobre temas de actualidad en materia de políticas y economía. Conozca las últimas investigaciones del FMI, lea entrevistas y escuche entrevistas digitales a destacados economistas del FMI sobre importantes cuestiones de la economía mundial.
International Monetary Fund
The Joint Staff Advisory Note discusses the progress in implementing the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) for Zambia. The government has officially launched its second PRSP, known as the Fifth National Development Plan (FNDP) for 2006–10. The FNDP builds on the achievements of the first PRSP, for example, strong improvements in macroeconomic performance and progress in public expenditure management. FNDP has strengthened its focus on key issues, emphasizes achieving tangible results, and includes appropriate monitoring and evaluation arrangements.
International Monetary Fund
The staff report for the Fifth and Sixth Reviews Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility Arrangement discusses Zambia’s strong macroeconomic performance and budget execution. High copper prices and extensive debt relief helped to strengthen Zambia’s external position and allowed it to build up international reserves. The structural agenda will continue to focus on strengthening public expenditure management and improving debt management. Although measures have been put in place to improve expenditure management, the authorities may still face difficulties until the new treasury functions are fully in place.
International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Abstract

This independent evaluation of the IMF’s role and performance in the determination and use of aid to low-income countries in sub-Saharan Africa is presented at a ground-level view. Country performance has improved in many sub-Saharan Africa countries over the period, and the report details the role of the IMF’s programs, as well as perceptions of that role. The report is an important contribution to following through on the IMF’s commitment to its Poverty Reduction Strategy and makes three main recommendations for improving the coherence—actual and perceived—of the IMF’s policies and actions relating to aid to sub-Saharan Africa going forward.

International Monetary Fund
Zambia has achieved robust economic growth over the years, and poverty has begun to trend downward under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility Arrangement. Prudent fiscal policy has reduced the domestic financing need and facilitated the implementation of a firmer monetary policy. Executive Directors agreed that the relief under the economic program and the Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative has reduced its external debt, and its economic fundamentals have helped in gaining market confidence. They advised the authorities to maintain macroeconomic stabilization and stressed the need to accelerate structural reform.
Mr. Kevin J Carey, Mr. Sanjeev Gupta, and Ms. Catherine A Pattillo

Abstract

Growth in sub-Saharan Africa has recently shown signs of improvement, but is still short of levels needed to attain the Millennium Development Goals. Economists have placed increasing emphasis on understanding the policies that promote sustained jumps in medium-term growth, and the paper applies this approach to African countries. The evidence presented finds an important growth-supporting role for particular kinds of institutions and policies, but also highlights aspects of growth that are still not well understood. The paper includes policy guidance for ensuring that the poor benefit from growth.

International Monetary Fund
Zambia’s 2005 Article IV Consultation and Third Review Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility are discussed. Expenditure restraint, including on the wage bill, has helped to put the fiscal operations of the government on a sustainable course and contributed to the attainment of the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries completion point. Progress has also been made on the structural reforms agenda, including public expenditure management, public debt management, the resolution of insolvent nonbank financial institutions, and the privatization of the Zambia National Commercial Bank.
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
L’édition web du Bulletin du FMI est mise à jour plusieurs fois par semaine et contient de nombreux articles sur des questions de politique générale et de politique économique d'actualité. Accédez aux dernières recherches du FMI, lisez des interviews et écoutez des podcasts proposés par les principaux économistes du FMI sur des questions importantes de l'économie mondiale. www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/survey/so/home.aspx
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
IMF cancels debt; Iraq receives new loan; Brazil and Argentina repay IMF loans; Saudi Arabia Article IV summary; Credit booms in transition economies; India's textile and clothing sector; Maghreb parliamentarians; Public awareness of economic issues.