Asia and Pacific > Singapore

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  • Economic Development: Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure x
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Brian Graf


The Consumer Price Index Manual: Concepts and Methods contains comprehensive information and explanations on compiling a consumer price index (CPI). The Manual provides an overview of the methods and practices national statistical offices (NSOs) should consider when making decisions on how to deal with the various problems in the compilation of a CPI. The chapters cover many topics. They elaborate on the different practices currently in use, propose alternatives whenever possible, and discuss the advantages and disadvantages of each alternative. The primary purpose of the Manual is to assist countries in producing CPIs that reflect internationally recommended methods and practices.

International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department
This technical note evaluates the macroprudential policy framework in Singapore with a focus on the price effect of macroprudential instruments. It assesses the domestic institutional arrangement, systemic risk monitoring framework, and macroprudential policy toolkit. The note assesses the strengths and weaknesses of the institutional arrangements for macroprudential policymaking and provides recommendations on how to enhance them further. It also describes the existing systemic risk monitoring framework and provides options to strengthen it. The use of macroprudential instruments in recent years and their effects on residential prices have also been discussed. The institutional framework for macroprudential policymaking has been revised and contains a clear mandate and well-defined objectives. The macroprudential mandate is assigned to dedicated committees within Monetary Authority of Singapore, limiting risk of dual mandates for the central bank. The authorities have taken important steps in recent years to develop the macroprudential policy framework and address relevant recommendations.
International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept
This Selected Issues paper focuses on gaps and multiplier effects of infrastructure investment in New Zealand. There has been high quality work done to quantify the infrastructure gap for New Zealand by Oxford Economics on behalf of the Global Infrastructure Hub, drawing on international experiences and local data sources, but recognizing the risk that the infrastructure gap may be even larger than that stated in this work. This paper provides further analysis about the effects on New Zealand’s economy of closing the infrastructure gap. Closing the gap has quantifiable benefits, not just because it is a short-term stimulus to aggregate demand, but because of longer-lived effects on productivity, benefiting all sectors of the economy. There are prospective gains from closing New Zealand’s infrastructure gap. New Zealand has improved its infrastructure spending in the past several years. Nonetheless, there is scope to expand it further, to reduce its (admittedly small, but probably understated) infrastructure gap to match other advanced economies, and possibly help with regional development concerns.
Mr. Salim M. Darbar and Mr. Xiaoyong Wu
This paper presents case studies of macroprudential policy in five jurisdictions (Hong Kong SAR, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Singapore, and Sweden). The case studies describe the institutional framework, its evolution, the use of macroprudential tools, and the circumstances under which the tools have been used. The paper shows how macroprudential policy is conducted under a heterogeneous set of institutional frameworks. In all cases macroprudential tools have been used to address risks in the housing market. In addition, some of them have moved to enhance the resilience of their banks to more general cyclical and structural risks.
International Monetary Fund
Singapore’s economy is slowing against the backdrop of a deteriorating external environment and a softening of exports. The main near-term risks are a protracted slowdown in advanced economies and a sharp increase in global financial stress. Given Singapore’s openness, these shocks would hit the economy severely through weaker exports, reduced capital inflows, slower credit, and a fall in financial market activity. The authorities have sufficient policy space to deploy a decisive response in case these risks materialize. A rapid increase in foreign currency lending may also raise the risk of funding strains.
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
IMF-World Bank Spring Meetings, Ministers Resolve to Counter Slowdown, Combat Food Hikes, Credit Crisis is Broadening, World Economic Outlook, IMFC Communiqué, Quota and Voice Reform, IMF's New Income Model, Best Practices for Sovereign Funds, Managing Housing Sector Cycles, Commodity Price Boom, African Economic Outlook, Asian Economic Outlook, LATAM Economic Outlook, News Briefs.
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
Reuniones de Primavera del FMI y el Banco Mundial, Los ministros resuelven contrarrestar el alza de los alimentos, La crisis crediticia se extiende, Perspectivas económicas, Comunicado del CMFI, Cuotas y representación, Nuevo modelo de ingresos del FMI, Prácticas óptimas de los fondos soberanos, Ciclos del sector de la vivienda, Auge de precios de las materias primas, Perspectivas económicas de África, Perspectivas económicas de Asia, Perspectivas económicas de América Latina, Notas breves
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
Réunions de printemps FMI–Banque mondiale, Soutenir la croissance et freiner la hausse des prix alimentaires, Selon le FMI, la crise du crédit s’étend, Perspectives mondiales, Communiqué du CMFI, Quotes-parts et représentation, FMI : nouveau modèle de revenu, Fonds souverains : pratiques optimales, Gérer les cycles de l’immobilier, Boom des produits de base, Perspectives africaines, Perspectives asiatiques, Perspectives latino-américaines, L’actualité en bref
International Monetary Fund
Singapore’s economic growth has been heavily dependent on factor accumulation during the past three decades. Attempts to gauge productivity growth in Singapore and other East Asian countries has led to the widely publicized debate on whether the East Asian “miracle” was driven by factor accumulation or productivity growth. According to the most recent study by the authorities, Singapore’s productivity growth was indeed very low until the 1980s, but has improved significantly to a level comparable to the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) average in the 1990s.
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
This paper highlights that agreement on an important package of reforms of vital significance to the future of the international monetary system was reached at a meeting of the Interim Committee of the Board of Governors of the IMF on the International Monetary System in Kingston, Jamaica, on January 7–8, 1976. The reforms include a substantial quota increase for almost all members, as well as an increase in access to the IMF’s resources for all member countries in the period prior to implementation of the increase in their IMF quotas, and some other amendments.