Middle East and Central Asia > Oman

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International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.
Strong policy actions helped mitigate the fallout from the COVID-19 pandemic, and the economic recovery is gaining traction, supported by revival in the hydrocarbon sector and the relaxation of social restrictions. CPI inflation has been contained thus far, partly reflecting administered prices and caps on selected fuel prices. Fiscal and external buffers have increased, supported by higher hydrocarbon revenues and substantial fiscal adjustment under the authorities’ Medium-Term Fiscal Plan (MTFP). The authorities remain committed to fiscal consolidation notwithstanding oil revenue windfalls and social pressures. Financial soundness indicators appear healthy, benefiting from the strong buffers before entering the crisis and prudent central bank oversight. A broad range of structural reforms are being implemented under Oman Vision 2040. However, downside risks, notably from global sources, dominate in the short run.
International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.
GCC policymakers have managed to quickly mitigate the economic impact of the twin COVID-19 and oil price shock. Commodity prices have surged, and the outlook is more positive for GCC countries, with new challenges linked to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and tighter global financial conditions expected to have a limited impact on GCC economies. While GCC countries have overall benefited from higher, albeit volatile hydrocarbon prices, numerous risks still cloud the outlook—notably a slowdown in the global economy. In this context, the reform momentum established during the low oil price years should be maintained—irrespective of the level of hydrocarbon prices.
International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.
GCC policymakers have managed to quickly mitigate the economic impact of the twin COVID-19 and oil price shock. Commodity prices have surged, and the outlook is more positive for GCC countries, with new challenges linked to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and tighter global financial conditions expected to have a limited impact on GCC economies. While GCC countries have overall benefited from higher, albeit volatile hydrocarbon prices, numerous risks still cloud the outlook—notably a slowdown in the global economy. In this context, the reform momentum established during the low oil price years should be maintained—irrespective of the level of hydrocarbon prices.
International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.
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