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International Monetary Fund
The 2012 Article IV Consultation on Mauritius reports that the outlook for growth and inflation is broadly positive, although growth is likely to slow somewhat to below 4 percent. The cyclical component of Mauritius’ fiscal balance is projected to be small. A less expansionary fiscal stance than currently projected by IMF staff would contribute to building policy buffers and reducing relatively high debt levels. In the event of a deterioration in the external environment, automatic stabilizers should be allowed to work, and limited fiscal stimulus could also be considered.
International Monetary Fund

Abstract

The consumer price index (CPI) measures the rate at which the prices of consumer goods and services are changing over time. It is a key statistic for economic and social policymaking and has substantial and wide-ranging implications for governments, businesses, and households. This important and comprehensive Manual provides guidelines for statistical offices and other agencies responsible for constructing CPIs, and explains in-depth the methods that are used to calculate a CPI. It also examines the underlying economic and statistical concepts and principles needed for making choices in efficient and cost-effective ways, and for appreciating the full implications of those choices.

International Monetary Fund

Abstract

The consumer price index (CPI) measures the rate at which the prices of consumer goods and services are changing over time. It is a key statistic for economic and social policymaking and has substantial and wide-ranging implications for governments, businesses, and households. This important and comprehensive Manual provides guidelines for statistical offices and other agencies responsible for constructing CPIs, and explains in-depth the methods that are used to calculate a CPI. It also examines the underlying economic and statistical concepts and principles needed for making choices in efficient and cost-effective ways, and for appreciating the full implications of those choices.

Mr. William E. Alexander, Mr. John Cady, and Mr. Jesus R Gonzalez-Garcia

Abstract

The Data Dissemination Initiative was launched in the mid-1990s as part of a broader internationally-agreed-upon initiative to strengthen transparency and promote good governance practices by establishing standards and codes. Ten years later, the initiative is viewed as an integral part of the international financial architecture, and is considered to have improved the functioning of international financial markets and contributed to global financial stability. This volume reviews certain aspects of the development of and experience with the initiative over the past decade, and concludes by reflecting on potential challenges ahead and possible enhancements.

International Monetary Fund

Abstract

The consumer price index (CPI) measures the rates at which the prices of consumer goods and services are changing over time. It is a key statistic for purposes of economic and social policymaking, especially monetary policy and social policy, and has substantial and wide-ranging implications for governments, businesses, and workers, as well as households. This important and comprehensive manual provides guidelines for statistical offices and other agencies responsible for constructing CPIs and explains in depth the methods that are used to calculate a CPI. It also examines the underlying economic and statistical concepts and priniciples needed for making choices in efficient and cost-effective ways and for appreciating the full implications of those choices. The following international organizations, concerned both with the measurement of inflation and with policies designed to control it, have collaborated on the preparation of this manual: the International Labour Office; the International Monetary Fund; the Organization for Econmomic Co-operation and Development; the Statistical Office of the European Communities (Eurostat); the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe; and the World Bank.

Mr. Jesus R Gonzalez-Garcia and Mr. John Cady
The effects of the adoption of the IMF's International Reserves and Foreign Currency Liquidity Data Template on nominal exchange rate volatility are investigated for 48 countries. Estimation of panel data models indicates that nominal exchange rate volatility decreases following dissemination of reserves template data while the effects of indebtedness and reserve adequacy on volatility exhibit statistically significant changes.
International Monetary Fund

Abstract

El Índice de Precios al Consumidor (IPC) mide la evolución de los precios al consumidor de los bienes y servicios a través del tiempo. Es una estadística clave para formular tanto políticas económicas, especialmente monetarias, como políticas sociales, y tiene consecuencias importantes y diversas para los gobiernos, las empresas, los trabajadores y los hogares. Este exhaustivo manual proporciona pautas para oficinas de estadística y otras agencias responsables de la elaboración del IPC y explica en profundidad los métodos utilizados para calcularlo. También examina los conceptos y principios económicos y estadísticos necesarios para tomar decisiones eficientes en función de los costos y para apreciar las consecuencias de esas elecciones en toda su magnitud. Es una herramienta valiosa para los encargados de formular políticas y los investigadores, especialmente para aquéllos interesados en los números índice. Las siguientes organizaciones internacionales que se interesan en la medición de la inflación y en las políticas para controlarla colaboraron en la preparación de este manual: la Organización Internacional del Trabajo, el Fondo Monetario Internacional, la Organización de Cooperación y Desarrollo Económicos, la Oficina de Estadística de la Comunidad Europea (Eurostat), la Comisión Económica de las Naciones Unidas para Europa y el Banco Mundial. ----------------------- The consumer price index (CPI) measures the rates at which the prices of consumer goods and services are changing over time. It is a key statistic for purposes of economic and social policymaking, especially monetary policy and social policy, and has substantial and wide-ranging implications for governments, businesses, and workers, as well as households. This important and comprehensive manual provides guidelines for statistical offices and other agencies responsible for constructing CPIs and explains in depth the methods that are used to calculate a CPI. It also examines the underlying economic and statistical concepts and priniciples needed for making choices in efficient and cost-effective ways and for appreciating the full implications of those choices. The following international organizations, concerned both with the measurement of inflation and with policies designed to control it, have collaborated on the preparation of this manual: the International Labour Office; the International Monetary Fund; the Organization for Econmomic Co-operation and Development; the Statistical Office of the European Communities (Eurostat); the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe; and the World Bank.

International Monetary Fund

Abstract

L'indice des prix à la consommation (IPC) mesure le rythme auquel les prix des biens et services de consommation évoluent au fil du temps. C'est une statistique essentielle pour l'élaboration des politiques économiques et sociales, en particulier la politique monétaire et la politique sociale, qui a des implications considérables et variées pour les administrations publiques, les entreprises, les travailleurs et les ménages. Ce manuel important et complet fournit des lignes directrices aux instituts de statistique et aux autres agences responsables de l'établissement des IPC et explique en détail les méthodes utilisées pour leur calcul. Il examine également les concepts et principes économiques et statistiques sous-jacents nécessaires pour faire des choix de manière efficace et efficiente et pour mesurer toutes les implications de ces choix. Les organisations internationales suivantes, qui s'intéressent à la fois à la mesure de l’inflation et aux politiques visant à la maîtriser, ont collaboré à l’élaboration de ce manuel : le Bureau international du travail, le Fonds monétaire international, l'Organisation pour la coopération et le développement économiques, l'Office statistique des Communautés européennes (Eurostat), la Commission économique des Nations Unies pour l'Europe et la Banque mondiale.

International Monetary Fund
The Data Standards Initiatives, the SDDS and the GDDS, have achieved the goals the Executive Board set in its Fifth Review of July 2003. The staff sees the next three years as a period of consolidating these gains by maintaining the credibility of the SDDS through improved monitoring of countries’ observance of its requirements, and further integrating both the SDDS and GDDS under the Fund’s Data Quality Program (DQP) by aligning their structure with the Fund’s Data Quality Assessment Framework (DQAF). The staff proposes to include no new data categories in the SDDS and GDDS. Instead, the staff proposes to deepen descriptive information on how countries cover oil and gas activities and products in selected existing data categories.
International Monetary Fund

Abstract

The consumer price index (CPI) measures the rate at which the prices of consumer goods and services are changing over time. It is a key statistic for economic and social policymaking and has substantial and wide-ranging implications for governments, businesses, and households. This important and comprehensive Manual provides guidelines for statistical offices and other agencies responsible for constructing CPIs, and explains in-depth the methods that are used to calculate a CPI. It also examines the underlying economic and statistical concepts and principles needed for making choices in efficient and cost-effective ways, and for appreciating the full implications of those choices.