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International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Abstract

A recovery is underway, but the economic fallout from the global pandemic could be with us for years to come. With the crisis exacerbating prepandemic vulnerabilities, country prospects are diverging. Nearly half of emerging market and developing economies and some middle-income countries are now at risk of falling further behind, undoing much of the progress made toward achieving the UN Sustainable Development Goals.

International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Abstract

This year, as the world faced a crisis like no other, the International Monetary Fund and its member countries swung into action to save lives and put a floor under the world economy. But the outlook remains uncertain. Countries now face a “long ascent” that will be difficult, uneven, uncertain, and prone to setbacks. The IMF is working to help countries focus on "policies for people" to generate a transformational recovery through job-rich growth that benefits all.

International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Abstract

This issue of Annual Report discusses that the global economy is at a delicate moment. The expansion of early 2018 has lost momentum, in large part in response to rising trade tensions. There are threats from rising financial vulnerabilities and geopolitical uncertainties. These challenges call for policymakers to avoid missteps and to take the right policy steps: at home, across borders, and globally. In addition to several major reviews looking at IMF conditionality, economic and financial surveillance, and lending facilities, the management has deepened its analysis on trade spillovers and financial stability and are revamping frameworks for debt sustainability assessment in low-income and market access countries. Building on earlier research that showed how trade can boost incomes and living standards by enabling the flow of technology across countries, the October 2018 World Economic Outlook provided illustrative scenarios of the potential impact of escalating trade tensions between the United States and China.

Ruben Lamdany and Leonardo Martinez-Diaz

Abstract

The papers in this volume draw on background work done in preparation for the study Governance of the IMF: An Evaluation, Independent Evaluation Office, International Monetary Fund, May 28, 2008 (available at http://www.ieo-imf.org). This compilation presents in one collection the most recent work to date on the subject of governance of the IMF and contributes to the ongoing dialogue on how best to strengthen the governance of this important global institution. Good governance can contribute to the IMF’s legitimacy by ensuring appropriate voice and representation for the membership, by allowing the Fund to fulfill its mandates effectively and efficiently, and by facilitating accountability for relevant stakeholders. Three main conclusions follow from the studies in this volume. First, to strengthen its legitimacy and effectiveness, the Fund needs greater, higher level and more transparent involvement of member country authorities in its governance. Second, the Board needs to play a stronger role in strategy development and oversight, which requires a shift away from the day-to-day business of the organization. Finally, there are significant accountability gaps that need to be addressed if the IMF is to remain effective and regain legitimacy.

International Monetary Fund

Abstract

The Annual Report 2006 to the Board of Governors reviews the IMF’s activities and policies during the financial year (May 1, 2005, through April 30, 2006). The main sections cover the Fund’s Medium-Term Strategy; country, global, and regional surveillance; strengthening surveillance and crisis prevention; IMF program support and crisis resolution; the Fund’s role in low-income countries; technical assistance and training; financial operations and policies; and governance and management of the IMF. Besides the full financial statements for the year, appendixes cover international reserves, financial operations and transactions, principal policy decisions, press communiqués of advisory committees, Executive Directors and their voting power, and changes in the Executive Board’s membership.

International Monetary Fund

Abstract

This 2002 Annual Report describes world economic and financial developments in FY2002. During FY2002, the IMF faced important new challenges in an unusually unsettled world environment. After a period of strong expansion, the global economy experienced a widespread slowdown during the 2001 calendar year. By early 2002, however, thanks in large part to actions taken by key central banks to lower interest rates, there were encouraging signs that growth was recovering, although serious concerns remained in a number of countries.

International Monetary Fund

Abstract

This paper reviews the IMF’s Annual Report for the fiscal year ended April 30, 1985. The report highlights that by mid-1985, economic recovery in the industrial countries had been under way, although unevenly, for some two and a half years. Output growth in 1984 was the strongest in almost a decade, and inflation continued to recede. There were encouraging signs that the benefits of this recovery were spreading to the developing world. Aided by the improved external environment and the increased firmness with which adjustment policies were pursued, domestic growth rates in developing countries accelerated.

International Monetary Fund

Abstract

This paper presents Selected Decisions and Selected Documents’ Supplement to Eighth issue of the IMF. This volume, which is presented as a Supplement to the Eighth Issue of Selected Decisions of the IMF and Selected Documents includes general decisions adopted by the IMF since May 10, 1976, the date of publication of the Eighth Issue. Some of these decisions were adopted in connection with the Second Amendment of the IMF's Articles of Agreement that took effect on April 1, 1978. All references to the Articles and to the By-Laws, Rules and Regulations in this Supplement are to the Articles of Agreement as modified by the Second Amendment and to the By-Laws, Rules and Regulations of the Thirty-Fifth Issue, July 1, 1978, respectively, unless indicated otherwise. The IMF has not yet completed the process of making the modifications in existing decisions, and adopting the new decisions, that are required in connection with the Second Amendment. The Ninth Issue of this collection will be published as soon as this task of adaptation is complete. It will include the decisions in the Eighth Issue that remain in effect, the decisions in this Supplement, and any further decisions that are adopted. Meanwhile, in view of the accumulation of new and modified decisions, there is need for this Supplement.

International Monetary Fund

Abstract

This paper reviews key findings of the IMF’s Annual Report for the fiscal year ended April 30, 1973. The report highlights that world economic developments in 1972 and the first half of 1973 were dominated by a strong cyclical upsurge in activity, high rates of price inflation, and currency crises and unrest punctuated by another realignment of major currencies in February–March 1973. With key elements of the Bretton Woods system no longer observed, the work of reforming the international monetary system continued in the IMF through the Committee of Twenty.

International Monetary Fund

Abstract

This volume, entitled Selected Decisions of the IMF and Selected Documents, follows the Fifth Issue of Selected Decisions of the Executive Directors and Selected Documents. The change in title has been made because of the inclusion of more Resolutions of the Board of Governors of the Fund than in the preceding volume. The present volume contains selected decisions and interpretations of the Executive Directors and resolutions of the Board of Governors of the IMF adopted prior to September 30, 1972, as well as certain selected documents of the Fund and of the United Nations to which frequent reference is made. With few exceptions, the decisions are of a general nature and relate to certain obligations, policies, and procedures under the Articles of Agreement. This issue contains most of the decisions that were published in earlier issues (September 1962, September 1963, January 1965, April 1970, and July 1971), and general decisions taken since then.