Africa > Namibia

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Ms. Corinne C Delechat and Matthew Gaertner
The paper combines various methodologies to assessing the level of the exchange rate in Botswana, explicitly taking into account the implications of its dependency on diamond exports. Real exchange rate estimation indicates that, after a period of overvaluation, Botswana's real effective exchange rate is now broadly in line with economic fundamentals. The projected current account path is also consistent with external sustainability, defined to ensure sufficient savings of diamond wealth in order to maintain a stable import and consumption path through 2050. Sustaining consumption over the longer term will however require to address obstacles to non-diamond exports' competitiveness.
International Monetary Fund
The recent uptrend in Namibia’s current account surplus reflects an increase in public and private savings. Tighter domestic investment rules will not reduce capital outflows. The phasing and macroeconomic impact of regulatory changes requires careful scrutiny. Market-based incentives for investment repatriation are attractive. Namibia’s non-renewable natural resource sector is a significant contributor to Namibia’s economy and it is important to continue management of its mineral resources wisely. Faster growth in low-skill job opportunities and more flexible labor market institutions will help tackle unemployment in the short-term.
International Monetary Fund
This Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes data module provides a review of Namibia’s data dissemination practices against the IMF’s General Data Dissemination System (GDDS), complemented by an in-depth assessment of the quality of the national accounts, consumer price index, government finance, monetary, and balance-of-payments statistics. The assessment reveals that Namibia meets the GDDS recommendations for the core comprehensive frameworks and indicators, except for the dissemination of the production index/indices, wages and earnings indicators, disaggregated data on government financing and debt, and data on public and publicly guaranteed external debt.
International Monetary Fund

Abstract

A companion document to the fifth edition of the Balance of Payments Manual, the Balance of Payments Compilation Guide shows how the conceptual framework described in the Manual may be implemented in practice. The primary purpose of the Guide is to provide practical guidance for using sources and methods to compile statistics on the balance of payments and the international investment position. the Guide is designed to assist balance of payments compilers and statisticians in understanding the relative strengths and weaknesses of various approaches. The material reflects the emergence of new data sources and adaptations in the application of statistical methodologies to changing circumstances. Discussed in the Guide are all of the tasks that a BOP compiler normally performs. Appendices contain a set of model BOP questionnaires and a set of model BOP publication tables. Relationships between the balance of payments statistics and relevant aspects of national accounts are covered as well.

International Monetary Fund

Abstract

A companion document to the fifth edition of the Balance of Payments Manual, the Balance of Payments Compilation Guide shows how the conceptual framework described in the Manual may be implemented in practice. The primary purpose of the Guide is to provide practical guidance for using sources and methods to compile statistics on the balance of payments and the international investment position. The Guide is designed to assist experienced and aspiring balance of payments compilers and statisticians in understanding the relative strengths and weaknesses of various approaches. The material reflects the emergence of new data sources and adaptations in the application of statistical methodologies to changing circumstances. Discussed in the Guide are all of the tasks that a BOP compiler normally performs. Appendices contain a set of model BOP questionaires and a set of model BOP publication tables. Relationships between the balance of payments statistics and relevant aspects of national accounts are covered as well.

International Monetary Fund

Abstract

A companion document to the fifth edition of the Balance of Payments Manual, the Balance of Payments Compilation Guide shows how the conceptual framework described in the Manual may be implemented in practice. The primary purpose of the Guide is to provide practical guidance for using sources and methods to compile statistics on the balance of payments and the international investment position. The Guide is designed to assist experienced and aspiring balance of payments compilers and statisticians in understanding the relative strengths and weaknesses of various approaches. The material reflects the emergence of new data sources and adaptations in the application of statistical methodologies to changing circumstances. Discussed in the Guide are all of the tasks that a BOP compiler normally performs. Appendices contain a set of model BOP questionaires and a set of model BOP publication tables. Relationships between the balance of payments statistics and relevant aspects of national accounts are covered as well.

International Monetary Fund

Abstract

Como complemento de la quinta edición del Manual de Balanza de Pagos, la Guía de Compilación de la Balanza de Pagos muestra cómo puede aplicarse en la práctica el marco conceptual descrito en dicho Manual. El principal objetivo de esta Guía es proporcionar orientación práctica para el uso de las fuentes y métodos de compilación de estadísticas sobre la balanza de pagos y la posición de inversión internacional. Esta Guía se ha diseñado para ayudar a los compiladores de la balanza de pagos y a los estadísticos a comprender las ventajas y desventajas de los diversos enfoques. El material refleja la aparición de nuevas fuentes de datos y las adaptaciones en la aplicación de las metodologías estadísticas ante los cambios del entorno. En esta Guía se analizan todas las tareas que normalmente realiza el compilador de la balanza de pagos. Los apéndices contienen un conjunto de cuestionarios modelo sobre la balanza de pagos y un conjunto de cuadros modelo de publicación de la balanza de pagos. También se abordan las relaciones entre las estadísticas de balanza de pagos y los aspectos pertinentes de las cuentas nacionales.

International Monetary Fund

Abstract

A companion document to the fifth edition of the Balance of Payments Manual, the Balance of Payments Compilation Guide shows how the conceptual framework described in the Manual may be implemented in practice. The primary purpose of the Guide is to provide practical guidance for using sources and methods to compile statistics on the balance of payments and the international investment position. the Guide is designed to assist balance of payments compilers and statisticians in understanding the relative strengths and weaknesses of various approaches. The material reflects the emergence of new data sources and adaptations in the application of statistical methodologies to changing circumstances. Discussed in the Guide are all of the tasks that a BOP compiler normally performs. Appendices contain a set of model BOP questionnaires and a set of model BOP publication tables. Relationships between the balance of payments statistics and relevant aspects of national accounts are covered as well.

International Monetary Fund

Abstract

Document d'accompagnement de la cinquième édition du Manuel de la balance des paiements, le Guide pour l’établissement des statistiques de balance des paiements explique comment mettre en œuvre concrètement le cadre conceptuel décrit dans le manuel.. Le but premier de ce guide est de fournir des indications pratiques sur l’utilisation de sources et de méthodes pour établir des statistiques sur la balance des paiements et la position extérieure globale. Il est conçu pour aider les statisticiens, spécialistes de la balance des paiements ou non, à comprendre les atouts et les inconvénients des différentes approches. Le document tient compte de l’émergence de nouvelles sources de données et des adaptations dans l’application des méthodes statistiques aux circonstances changeantes. Le guide aborde toutes les tâches normalement effectuées pour établir les statistiques de balance des paiements. Les annexes contiennent des modèles de questionnaires sur la BDP et des modèles de tableaux de publication de données relatives à la BDP. Les relations entre les statistiques de la balance des paiements et les aspects pertinents des comptes nationaux sont également couvertes.

Mr. Carlo Cottarelli

Abstract

This paper examines central bank independence with reference to the constraints on central bank credit to the government, focusing on how such credit should be regulated. It discusses why credit should be contsrained, and in which forms, and how to implement those constraints.