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International Monetary Fund. European Dept.
The fallout from the COVID-19 crisis has hit the Maltese economy hard, particularly its large tourism sector. Using fiscal buffers accumulated prior to the pandemic, the authorities have taken swift actions to support households, businesses, and the healthcare system. With the rapid rollout of COVID-19 vaccine, the economy has reopened for the summer tourism season. While the outlook is surrounded by a high degree of uncertainty, the Maltese economy is expected to rebound by 5¾ percent this year, up from -7¾ percent in 2020. The financial system has remained stable. In late June 2021, the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) put Malta under increased monitoring due to concerns about effectiveness of its anti-money laundering and combatting the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT) framework.
International Monetary Fund
This paper proposes that the Executive Board approve the disbursement of a second 6-month tranche of CCRT debt service relief to 28 of the 29 members, covering the period October 14, 2020 through April 13, 2021, given staff’s assessment that sufficient financial resources are available.2 In this context, the paper also provides brief updates for each beneficiary country on its policy responses to the pandemic and staff’s assessment of these policies and the use of resources freed up by debt service relief. It also provides an update on the finances of the CCRT and the fundraising efforts to secure adequate resources for grant assistance in the future. Based on grant pledges to date, resources are not sufficient to extend CCRT relief beyond the proposed second sixth-month period.
International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.
Malta meets a large number of the principles of the Fiscal Transparency Code at good or advanced level. Based on the assessment made in this report, Malta meets the good or advanced practice on 21 out of 35 principles in the Code. One principle, related to natural resources, was not relevant to Malta and therefore not assessed. Malta meets the basic practice on a further 12 principles (Table 0.1). Practices are stronger in the areas of fiscal reporting and fiscal forecasting and budgeting, where Malta is subject to and complies with the comprehensive reporting framework established by the European Union. Practices are generally weaker in the area of fiscal risk analysis and management, notably oversight of public corporations.
Mr. Dmitry Gershenson, Mr. Albert Jaeger, and Mr. Subir Lall
In 2011, following years of large-scale external imbalances financed by debt, Portugal’s economy reached a crisis point. To restore economic growth and credibility with international lenders, the country embarked on a difficult path of fiscal adjustment and structural reforms. By many metrics, Portugal’s 2011–14 macroeconomic stabilization program has been a success, but going forward Portugal would benefit from policies to reduce vulnerabilities, absorb labor slack, and generate sustainable growth.
Luc Eyraud, Ms. Anita Tuladhar, Mr. Julio Escolano, Ms. Marialuz Moreno Badia, and Ms. Juliane Sarnes
This paper analyzes the impact of decentralization on overall fiscal performance in the European Union, taking into account fiscal institutional arrangements. We find that spending decentralization has been associated with sizably better fiscal performance, especially when transfer dependency of subnational governments is low. However, subnational fiscal rules do not seem to be associated with better performance.
International Monetary Fund
Malta weathered the global recession relatively well. Real estate prices and collateral values experienced some correction and appear to have stabilized more recently, but excess supply likely remains in segments of the market. Continued progress with structural reforms will also be important to establish high value exports and to raise productivity and employment rates. Further pension reform will help avoid age-related public spending. Measures to enhance the education system and encourage women and older workers to participate in the labor market will be important to raise employment.
International Monetary Fund
In light of the multilateral effort to ensure the adequacy of the financial resources available to the International Monetary Fund, and with a view to supporting the Fund’s ability to provide timely and effective balance of payments assistance to its members, the Central Bank of Malta agrees to lend to the Fund an SDR denominated amount up to the equivalent of EUR120 million, on the terms and conditions set in this policy paper.
International Monetary Fund
This 2007 Article IV Consultation highlights that Malta’s economic recovery is gaining traction, owing in large part to cyclical strength and some structural change. A public investment boom, financed largely by grants from the European Union, reignited growth in 2005. A modest recovery in exports and robust consumption growth, supported by rising employment and household borrowing, helped sustain the upswing in 2006. Although financial stability has continued to improve, the concentration of loan portfolios in real estate has continued to rise. Although nonperforming loans declined further, levels remain high and provisioning uneven.