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International Monetary Fund
This 2012 Article IV Consultation focuses on Chad’s economic developments and policies. Economic performance in 2011–2012 has been marked by an oncoming stream of several large industrial projects. The IMF report highlights that growth slowed in 2011 and inflation accelerated at year’s end, while the balance of payments strengthened. The nonoil primary deficit declined in 2011, and the overall fiscal balance swung from a deficit to a small surplus leaving room for private-sector credit expansion. A new approach, developed in collaboration with international partners (including the Food and Agriculture Organisation and World Food Programme), focuses on improving water management, warehouse capacity, and information systems.
International Monetary Fund
This paper presents a detailed analysis of the average fiscal policy responses of oil producing countries (OPCs) to the recent oil price cycle. We find that OPCs worsened their non-oil primary balances substantially during 2003-2008 driven by an increase in primary spending. However, this trend was partially reversed when oil prices went down in 2009. We also find evidence that fiscal policy has been procyclical and has hence exacerbated the fluctuations in economic activity. In addition, we estimate that a small reduction in oil prices could lead to very large financing needs in the near future. Finally, we show that long-term fiscal sustainability positions in OPCs have worsened.
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
Turbulences sur les marchés financiers ; Strauss-Kahn prend la tête du FMI ; réchauffement climatique ; intégration financière en Europe ; finance islamique ; vulnérabilité des marchés émergents ; leçons de la crise des subprimes ; intégration du Maghreb ; gestion des finances publiques dans les pays producteurs de pétrole ; point sur l'actualité.
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
Turbulencias del mercado mundial; Strauss-Kahn, nuevo Director Gerente del FMI; Calentamiento global; Europa: La integración financiera; Las finanzas islámicas; Vulnerabilidad de los mercados emergentes; Agitación en el mercado de hipotecas de alto riesgo: Lecciones; La integración del Magreb; Los productores de petróleo: Gestión fiscal; Notas breves.
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
Global market turmoil; Strauss-Kahn to head IMF; Global warming; Europe: Financial integration; Islamic finance; Emerging market vulnerability; Subprime turmoil: Lessons; Maghreb integration; Oil producers: Fiscal management; News briefs.