Africa > Lesotho, Kingdom of

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Andrew Okello
Modern tax administrations seek to optimize tax collections while minimizing administration costs and taxpayer compliance costs. Experience shows that voluntary compliance is best achieved through a system of self-assessment. Many tax administrations have introduced self-assessment principles in the income tax law but the legal authority is not being consistently applied. They continue to rely heavily on “desk” auditing a majority of tax returns, while risk management practices remain largely underdeveloped and/or underutilized. There is also plenty of opportunity in many countries to enhance the design and delivery of client-focused taxpayer service programs, and better engage with the private sector and other stakeholders.
Luis-Felipe Zanna, Olivier Basdevant, Ms. Susan S. Yang, Ms. Genevieve Verdier, Mr. Joannes Mongardini, and Dalmacio Benicio
Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, and Swaziland face the serious challenge of adjusting not only to lower Southern Africa Customs Union (SACU) transfers because of the global economic crisis, but also to a potential further decline over the medium term. This paper assesses options for the design of the needed fiscal consolidation. The choice among these options should be driven by (i) the impact on growth and (ii) the specificities of each country. Overall, a focus on government consumption cuts appears to minimize the negative impact on growth, and would be appropriate given the relatively large size of the public sector in each country.
International Monetary Fund
In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discussions with government officials, is published at the option of the member country.
International Monetary Fund
In this study, gross domestic product by sector and expenditure, consumer price indices, basic wages, public service employment, central government operations, government revenues and grants, southern African customs union operations, economic classification of government expenditure, functional classification of government expenditures, outstanding government domestic debt by instrument and holder, monetary survey, assets and liabilities of central and commercial banks, balance of payments, public and publicly guaranteed external debt outstanding, direction of trade, composition of recorded exports, and summary of the tax system are listed.
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen to podcasts given by top IMF economists on important issues in the global economy. www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/survey/so/home.aspx
Mr. Victor T Thuronyi

Abstract

A comprehensive guide to income tax legislation, this book is the second of two volumes dealing with tax legislation from a comparative law perspective. Distilled from the IMF Legal Department's extensive experience, the book covers a wide range of issues in both domestic and international taxation. It also includes the most extensive bibliography currently available of the national tax laws of IMF member countries.