Over the past five years much has been done to avoid the worst and stave off a great depression. While the recovery has been disappointing until recently, there are some encouraging signs that activity is strengthening in advanced economies. Breaking the cycle of growth shortfalls and recurring market jitters requires carefully managing multiple transitions that are already underway. These transitions include the normalization of global financial conditions; a shift in global growth dynamics, and a rebalancing of global demand; and the completion of reforms to the international financial system. Much more ambitious reform implementation and policy coherence are needed to address these challenges and avoid five more years of growth disappointments.
Luxembourg's economic and fiscal performance has remained impressive. A proactive policy approach focused on institutional reforms will bolster the economy and public finances to growth reversals. A shift to a more diversified pension system should be a policy priority. Further income tax reforms are desirable. The management of the public sector's holdings of financial assets should be improved. An exceptionally favorable economic environment has blunted Luxembourg's labor market rigidities but reforms are needed. Maintaining effective banking supervision and governance should remain a priority of public policy.