activity remained consistent with recent years. 21 assessments were completed during the update period (September 2015-April 2017) and five were in progress at the end of the period. Activity continues to average around 13 assessments per year. While the number of central banks under monitoring decreased slightly from 67 to 63, some monitoring cases required intense engagement due to safeguards challenges that emerged. These related to forensic investigations, governance reforms, and a deterioration in safeguards frameworks of central banks facing difficult external conditions.
Consumer protection and financial literacy are essential pillars of a well functioning and stable financial system. As the global financial crisis demonstrated, inadequate attention to consumer protection and financial literacy can lead to financial instability. Though Shari’ah principles provide a strong foundation for consumer protection, the principles alone cannot provide adequate protection because not all providers are guided by ethical precepts and the practices have deviated from the principles. To safeguard the stability of the Islamic finance industry, consumer protection frameworks that cater to the specifics of Islamic financial products should be an integral part of regulatory frameworks.
The staff report for St. Kitts and Nevis’ first review under the Stand-By Arrangement and the Financing Assurances Review is presented. Economic activity is estimated to have been flat in 2011, as continued weakness in the construction sector offset the moderate recovery in tourism and manufacturing sectors. The external current account deficit is estimated to have widened in 2011, with higher energy and food prices more than offsetting the impact of fiscal consolidation and growth in stay-over tourist arrivals.
This study provides a summary of the Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) measures in Kuwait and the level of compliance with FATF recommendations, and contains how the AML/CFT system could be strengthened. A detailed assessment report (DAR) is prepared. The DAR was adopted by the Middle East and North Africa Financial Action Task Force (MENAFATF). The preventive measures adopted in financial institutions are explained. The National AML/CFT committee and the committee on Combating Terrorism (CCT) are outlined. Various preventive measures are also ascribed in this paper.
In this study, the general situation of money laundering and financing of terrorism is discussed. In addition, the followings are overviewed: financial sector, DNFBP sector, commercial laws and mechanisms governing legal persons, and strategy to prevent money laundering and terrorist financing. A legal framework and criminalization of financing of terrorism are also given. Confiscation, freezing, and seizing are explained under the legal framework. Various preventive measures used are also discussed in this paper. Financial institution secrecy and confidentiality are also outlined.
Depuis plusieurs années, le FMI publie un nombre croissant de rapports et autres documents couvrant l'évolution et les tendances économiques et financières dans les pays membres. Chaque rapport, rédigé par une équipe des services du FMI à la suite d'entretiens avec des représentants des autorités, est publié avec l'accord du pays concerné.
Program implementation is satisfactory and economic activity is recovering in Mauritania. The budget preserves fiscal discipline and protects infrastructures and social spending. Greater flexibility in the exchange rate and an enhanced monetary policy framework will help build reserves. The structural program continues to focus on improving the business climate. The commitment for continued fiscal consolidation is commended by Executive Directors. This will help strengthen the country’s resilience to external shocks, improve the country’s prospects for mobilizing external support, sustain economic growth, create jobs, and reduce poverty.
In March 2009, the Fund established a new Framework Administered Account to administer external financial resources for selected Fund Activities (the “SFA Instrument”). The financing of activities under the terms of the SFA Instrument is implemented through the establishment and operation of a subaccount within the SFA. This paper requests Executive Board approval to establish the Kuwait Subaccount for Selected Fund Activities (the “Subaccount”) under the terms of the SFA instrument.
The Detailed Assessments of the Observance of Standards and Codes on the IOSCO Objectives and Principles of Securities Regulation on Kuwait review preconditions for effective securities regulation. The securities market in Kuwait is the second largest in the Arab world in terms of value of trading and market capitalization. A set of well-articulated and clear regulations and procedures governing public offering of securities, including tender offers, should be prepared and enforced. Rules governing mergers and acquisitions are not in place and need to be well defined.