Africa > Comoros, Union of the

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International Monetary Fund
Comoros faces significant economic and political challenges. The fiscal priorities are to restore revenues and curtail spending so that domestic arrears can be reduced and the program brought back on track. Clearing external arrears is a key hurdle to debt sustainability. Improvements to the investment climate are critical for attracting foreign direct investment. Financial sector development is needed to support private sector growth and economic diversification. If implemented successfully, the government’s policies could be the basis for a Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility arrangement.
International Monetary Fund
The dominant role of remittances in Comoros’s economy presents policymakers with important challenges and opportunities. Fiscal decentralization is a pillar of national reconciliation in Comoros. To make decentralization work better, more revenue and expenditure responsibilities could be devolved to the islands. The paper also presents statistical data on gross domestic product, indicators of tourism, consolidated government financial operations, breakdown of staffing levels, summary statement of banks, balance of payments, payment arrears and service payments, summary of the tax system, and other economic indices.
International Monetary Fund
This paper on the Third Staff Review and Extension of the Staff-Monitored Program for the Union of the Comoros reports that important structural reforms have been implemented in the fiscal area, but progress is slow in other areas and institutional capacity remained low. The authorities’ macroeconomic program for 2006 focuses on securing the budgeted primary surplus of about 1 percent of GDP and avoiding new expenditure arrears. Tensions between the union and island governments have risen partly owing to a perceived weakening of coordination on fiscal policy.
International Monetary Fund
In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discussions with government officials, is published at the option of the member country.
International Monetary Fund
The statistical data on gross domestic product, cost structure of vanilla exports, production of meat, fish, and dairy products, consumer price index, and consolidated government financial operations of Comoros have been presented in this paper. The wage bill developments, consolidated net statement of public enterprises, monetary survey, summary statement of the central bank, volume and value of principal exports, geographical distribution of trade, external debt payments, arrears by creditors, and related economic indices have been included in the statistical data.
International Monetary Fund
This recent economic developments report (RED) provides background information on economic developments in the Comoros during 1997–2000. Revenue and domestic expenditure developments resulted in small overall domestic deficits over much of the period, equivalent of 0.4 percent of GDP in 1998 and declining to 0.2 percent of GDP in both 1999 and 2000. With no source of financing, domestic or external, the Anjouan authorities accumulated substantial wage arrears, estimated at about 15 months at end-2000, as well as suppliers arrears.
International Monetary Fund
In this study, the following statistical data are presented in detail: GDP at current market prices; prices of export crops; production and consumption of electricity; indicators of tourism activity; indicators of population, education, and employment; monetary survey; summary statement of the central bank; structure of interest rates; balance of payments; volume and value of principal exports and imports; breakdown of the government wage bill; external debt outstanding by creditors; summary of tax system; consolidated government expenditure; wage bill developments by ministry; and so on.
International Monetary Fund
In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discussions with government officials, is published at the option of the member country.
International Monetary Fund
This paper describes economic developments in Comoros during the 1990s. The economic performance of Comoros during 1991–94 was characterized by real growth of about 1.6 percent a year on average, large financial imbalances, an eroding export base, and the accumulation of large domestic and external payments arrears. Public finances came under pressure as revenue performance deteriorated as a result of a narrow tax base, tax exemptions and evasion, and poor tax administration, exacerbated by rising current expenditures, which stemmed in particular from a growing wage bill.
International Monetary Fund
This paper reviews economic developments in the Comoros during 1992–95. The economic performance of the Comoros during 1991–94 was characterized by real growth of about 1.6 percent a year on average, large financial imbalances, an eroding export base, and the accumulation of large domestic and external payments arrears. The poor economic performance was particularly noticeable during 1994–95 when real GDP, which grew by about 3 percent during 1991–93, declined by about 2 percent a year, as a result of a negative terms-of-trade shock, and increased political uncertainty.