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International Monetary Fund
Attention was especially focused on infrastructural development and the implementation of the free health care program. Another key poverty reducing strategy is the Smallholder Commercialisation Scheme. A robust monitoring and evaluation system has been established. Inadequate domestic capacity negative attitudes and fraudulent behavior toward execution of public contracts, delayed donor disbursement of funds for public works, and limited intra- and intersectoral coordination has been limiting factors. Developing a comprehensive policy framework to regulate behavior of contractors and ensuring timely release of donor funds for projects is needed.
International Monetary Fund
The Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy was implemented in an extremely challenging environment, adversely affecting the conduct of macroeconomic and sector policies. The accomplishments in regard to sector policies are highly encouraging. There was notable progress in the administration of justice and police reform efforts. However, there were no significant developments in public administration reform. Congo recognizes that continued, sustainable growth in a stable macroeconomic climate is essential to reducing poverty, and this requires consolidating peace and security, and promoting administrative and economic governance.
International Monetary Fund
This Annual Progress Report reviews the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper and Economic and Social Plan for 2007 for Mozambique. The report presents the new simplified structure adopted in the Review of the First Half of 2007. In the international context, the evolution of the international economy is presented, which allows a visualization of the international economic conditions in which the country has implemented its economic and social policy. The activities of the environment and the science and technology sectors are also described.
International Monetary Fund
This paper discusses implementation of the Fifth National Development Plan (FNDP) in Zambia. The planning process of the FNDP integrated views from the Provincial and District Development Plans approved by the respective provincial and district level organs. The FNDP’s goals are multipronged. The government recognizes that wealth creation through sustained economic growth constitutes the most important element in poverty reduction and, consequently, a high premium is being placed on growth-stimulating interventions. The government also recognizes that redistributive policies do matter for reducing poverty and that growth and equity are not necessarily in conflict.
Mr. Peter S. Heller and Mr. William C. Hsiao

Abstract

This primer explains why macroeconomists need to be concerned with issues of health policy and elaborates the essential information that a macroeconomist should know in providing inputs to discussions on health sector policy. The primer illustrates how these issues and the range of appropriate policy options may differ depending on the state of development of an economy and the particular approach taken by a country in structuring its health system. The primer also highlights the appropriate roles for the state and market in health care financing and provision, taking account of the various sources of market failure in the health sector.

International Monetary Fund
This 2006 Article IV Consultation highlights that Swaziland’s economic performance has remained weak with growth averaging only 2 percent since 2000, owing to a substantial real appreciation of the lilangeni during 2002–04, erosion of trade preferences, recurrent drought, and stagnant investment. Over that same period, rising government expenditures, especially on the wage bill, undermined fiscal sustainability and reduced foreign reserves to critically low levels. Poverty has escalated in the face of high and rising unemployment, food shortages, and the world’s highest HIV/AIDS infection rate.
International Monetary Fund
This Status Report discusses preparation of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) on Central African Republic. The government has decided to design an interim strategy (the Economic and Social Policy Framework Document – Document cadre de politique économique et sociale—DCPES) while waiting for the PRSP to be finalized. Multiyear macroeconomic projections and the annual fiscal framework will match resource allocations with PRSP objectives and programs. The PRSP will be implemented in a stable macroeconomic policy framework, and medium-term expenditure management will focus on poverty reduction and economic recovery.