This paper on Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers on Guinea explains medium-term development framework to achieve Millennium Development Goals and fulfill the authorities’ vision of Guinea as an emerging economy in 15 to 25 years, respectful of human rights and gender equality and supportive of the rule of law. It sets out medium-term policies that Guinea should implement to place itself on a path to development that would allow it to fulfill its ambition to become an emerging economy by 2035. This scenario foresees strong and lasting average annual growth, supported by ambitious policies for modernization of agriculture.
This paper presents the Joint Staff Advisory Note on Guinea-Bissau’s Second National Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP II) covering 2011–15. The PRSP II, adopted by the government in July 2011, provides the framework for the implementation of a comprehensive strategy aimed at consolidating macroeconomic stabilization and strengthening recent improvements in economic governance. Its successful implementation would help the country enhance its economic growth conditions, strengthen the rule of law, and accelerate progress toward the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals.
This paper reports on the economic and financial reforms in Guinea-Bissau. After a long period of recession since the beginning of 2000 followed by a slight recovery in 2007, the economy of Guinea-Bissau has entered a new growth spurt in 2008. The budget deficit, which averaged 10 percent of GDP between 2005 and 2007, has been reduced to 3.2 percent in 2008 and 3.0 percent in 2009 by raising more revenue domestically and by controlling expenses.
This Joint Staff Advisory Note reviews progress in the implementation process of the National Poverty Reduction Strategy (NPRS) for Guinea-Bissau during July 2009–10. It is found that Guinea-Bissau has yielded significant results in the first NPRS, and authorities are taking effective measures for better results in the second NPRS. They are also planning a strategy for strengthening governance, promoting economic growth, and reducing poverty and are also requiring international support and a predictable flow of resources for better implementation of the NPRS. On reviewing the same, the IMF approved a three-year arrangement under the Extended Credit Facility (ECF) for 2010–12.
Guinea-Bissau’s first National Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (NPRSP) established the strategic directions, primary objectives, and commitments by the country and its people to reduce poverty and achieve the MDGs. The main objectives of the second NPRS are to make progress toward achievement of the MDGs, to improve macroeconomic management, and consolidate administrative reforms to ensure the quality provision of basic public services. It is expected that the second NPRSP will perform well in implementing priorities than the first NPRSP and will help Guinea-Bissau to attain the completion point under both the HIPC and MDRI programs.
This Joint Staff Advisory Note reviews the first full Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) prepared by the government of Guinea-Bissau. The PRSP was prepared within a participatory process, and builds on grassroots consultations at the national level that involved all segments of society. The PRSP highlights broad areas of intervention for each strategic pillar but lacks a clear prioritization of activities and programs. IMF staff agrees with the PRSP’s emphasis that high unemployment rates and heavy reliance on agriculture as the main source of employment are major concerns for poverty reduction.
This paper presents an overview of the National Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (NPRSP) for Guinea-Bissau. The paper discusses the phenomenon of poverty, its dimensions, extent, and distribution by category and region. It provides a background analysis of developments in poverty based on the diagnostic of past economic policies. The paper presents the priority goals in the fight against poverty by articulating a long-term and medium-term vision as well as strategic actions. The operational strategies and strategic actions of the NPRSP are also presented in the paper.
Mr. Kadima D. Kalonji, Mr. Boileau Loko, Raj Nallari, and Mr. Montfort Mlachila
This paper explores the relationship between external debt and poverty. A number of observers have argued that high external indebtedness is a major cause of poverty. Using the first-differenced general method of moments (GMM) estimator, the paper models the impact of external debt on poverty, measured by life expectancy, infant mortality, and gross primary enrollment rates, while duly taking into account the impact of external debt on income. The paper thus endeavors to bring together the literature that links external debt with income growth and poverty. The main conclusion is that once the effect of income on poverty has been taken into account, external indebtedness indicators have a limited but important impact on poverty.