Africa > Equatorial Guinea, Republic of

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International Monetary Fund
This 2012 Article IV Consultation highlights Equatorial Guinea’s economic developments and policies. The IMF report focuses on setting priorities that include strengthening fiscal institutions, developing public services, and enhancing governance to push the economic growth. The hydrocarbon sector has continued to be the main driver of the economy, accounting for about three-quarters of estimated GDP. It suggests that a commitment to regular publication and international quality standards would stimulate long-delayed improvements. The prospect of falling hydrocarbon revenues adds urgency to the case for a medium-term fiscal framework.
Mr. Kevin J Carey, Mr. Sanjeev Gupta, and Ms. Catherine A Pattillo


Growth in sub-Saharan Africa has recently shown signs of improvement, but is still short of levels needed to attain the Millennium Development Goals. Economists have placed increasing emphasis on understanding the policies that promote sustained jumps in medium-term growth, and the paper applies this approach to African countries. The evidence presented finds an important growth-supporting role for particular kinds of institutions and policies, but also highlights aspects of growth that are still not well understood. The paper includes policy guidance for ensuring that the poor benefit from growth.

Mr. Sanjeev Gupta, Ms. Catherine A Pattillo, and Mr. Kevin J Carey
Are improvements in growth in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) since the mid-1990s sustainable? What types of growth strategies contribute the most to reducing poverty? This paper examines these questions in four stages. First, it explores the factors contributing to the post- 1995 improvement in growth. Second, to shed some light on factors associated with substantial jumps in growth rates that are sustained in the medium term, an analysis of the correlates of growth accelerations is presented. Third, the paper examines the consistency of the SSA data with some important predictions from the literature directly linking such areas as fiscal policy, financial development, or institutions and growth. Fourth, it reviews recent evidence regarding lessons on the type of growth process that is most effective at raising the incomes of the poor.
International Monetary Fund
This 2005 Article IV Consultation highlights that monetary development in the Republic of Equatorial Guinea continues to be dominated by fiscal policy. Fiscal outcome was marked by an increase in the fiscal surplus in 2004 compared with 2003 on account of a stronger-than-expected revenue performance owing to higher oil prices and increase in hydrocarbon production that was partly offset by a substantial increase in capital expenditure. Important progress has also been made with regard to transparency and accountability of oil-related revenues and public finance.
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
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International Monetary Fund


This study provides information on official financing for developing countries with the focus on low- and lower-middle-income countries. It updates the 1995 edition and reviews developments in direct financing by official and multilateral sources. Topics of interest include external debt sustainability for heavily indebted poor countries; new official financing flows to developing countries; developments in export credits; financing from multilateral institutions; debt restructuring by official bilateral creditors; plus, numerous appendices.