Real growth is expected at 5.8 percent in 2020, supported by rebounding mining production and investment-led construction activity. Legislative elections and a referendum for a new constitution will be held in March and presidential elections by end-year. Protests against the referendum are ongoing. Risks of political and social instability are high. Covid-19. The baseline scenario is based on the initial global downward revisions to growth due to the COVID-19 outbreak and assumes no outbreak in Guinea. As of March 10, 2020, there was no declared coronavirus case in Guinea. As the situation evolves, the country authorities and staff are keeping a close watch on macroeconomic developments, needed policy responses, and their impact on financing needs.
This paper focuses on Guinea’s Fourth Review Under the Extended Credit Facility (ECF) Arrangement, and Financing Assurances Review. While performance under the IMF-supported program remains broadly satisfactory, Guinea faces significant downside risks related to coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic. The IMF will remain closely engaged with the Guinean country authorities as the situation evolves, and as the authorities further develop their policy responses and financing needs change. The ECF arrangement supports strengthening Guinea’s resilience, scaling-up growth-supporting investment and social-safety nets and promoting private sector development. Achieving the programmed basic fiscal surplus in 2020 will contribute to containing inflation and preserving debt sustainability. Mobilizing additional tax revenues and reducing electricity subsidies will create fiscal space to scale-up growth-supporting public investments and strengthen social safety nets. Implementing programmed tax revenues measures, adopting an automatic petroleum products price adjustment mechanism, and advancing the multi-year electricity tariff reform is key. A prudent borrowing strategy will support scaling-up growth-supporting public investment.
Guinea’s strong growth momentum continues. Real growth is estimated at 5.8 percent in 2018 and expected at about 6 percent in 2019–20. The social context remains fragile. Social unrest, strikes and protests marred 2018. While strikes have subsided so far in 2019, political and social tensions are intensifying due to delays in the legislative elections and questions related to the 2020 presidential elections.
This paper discusses Guinea’s Third Review Under the Extended Credit Facility Arrangement, Request for Modification of Performance Criterion and Financing Assurances Review. Performance against end-December 2018 targets was satisfactory. All performance criteria and the indicative target (IT) on social safety net spending were met. A strong package of adjustment measures was implemented to achieve the end-2018 fiscal target. The ITs on tax revenue and the accumulation of new domestic arrears were not met. Program performance was satisfactory at end-March 2019, with most ITs met. Program-supported reforms advanced. Two of the four structural benchmarks were met, with substantial progress on the other two and full completion expected by. Additional adjustment measures are expected to be implemented to achieve a basic fiscal surplus in 2019, compensating for anticipated higher electricity subsidies and lower tax revenue. In parallel, public investment will be scaled-up to support growth. Advancing programmed tax measures and applying the petroleum prices adjustment mechanism will be key to support revenue mobilization.
This Technical Report discusses Guinea’s Public Investment Management Assessment (PIMA). This report presents public investment trends and the public investment efficiency gap, details the results of the assessment, and offers recommendations to improve PIM in Guinea. The institutional PIM framework has more strengths than weaknesses, despite being incomplete, while PIM effectiveness shows more weaknesses than strengths. Guinea recently signed roughly 20 public–private partnership (PPP) contracts through direct negotiation, although the institutional framework for PPPs is not yet finalized; this represents a source of potential financial risk that has not been evaluated. It is important to ensure that PPPs are adequately addressed in the legal and regulatory framework and to promote public access to information to uphold the principles of competition, efficiency, transparency, and, in particular, to open unsolicited proposals to competition. The report highlights that if Guinea is to reap the full benefits of its increasing capital spending, the authorities need to focus on correcting PIM weaknesses and improving the efficiency of PIM.
Guinea’s strong growth momentum continues. Real growth reached about 10 percent in 2017 and is expected at about 6 percent in 2018 and 2019. However, the social context remains fragile. Risks of political and social instability are heightened by upcoming legislative elections in March 2019 and presidential elections in 2020.
This Selected Issues paper presents the results of the application of the Debt, Investment, and Growth model to the case of Guinea. The model application allows simulation of the macroeconomic implications of scaled-up investment on growth, fiscal policy, and debt sustainability. A scenario analysis comparing the results under different investment paths is also presented. The results suggest that Guinea stands to benefit substantially from scaled-up public investment. Model-based estimates suggest that the GDP per capita benefits from the authorities’ public infrastructure program could be in the vicinity of 2–4 percent. However, ensuring that the expected growth and poverty reduction gains are realized requires the implementation of an accompanying fiscal strategy to preserve macroeconomic stability.
This paper assesses the presence of opportunistic electoral budget cycles in Papua New Guinea. Using quarterly time series data, a clear pattern emerges of pre-election manipulations of fiscal policy by incumbent governments, mainly in the form of increased development spending and overall primary expenditure, followed in some cases by retrenchment in post-election periods. These findings are consistent with the predictions of rational opportunistic political business cycle theory. It is noteworthy that revenue was not statistically significantly related to elections, either in the pre- or post-election period. In this regard, electoral swings in fiscal deficits reflect a preference for influencing expenditures rather than taxation.