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International Monetary Fund
Ghana has pursued several programs to accelerate the growth of the economy. In 1995, the government presented “Ghana: Vision 2020,” aimed at making Ghana a middle-income country in 25 years. Vision 2020 focused on human development, economic growth, rural development, urban development, infrastructure development, and an enabling environment. It was followed by the Ghana Poverty Reduction Strategy. One of the main challenges to economic growth is the unemployment problem. The recent discoveries of oil and gas create tremendous opportunities for stimulating national development.
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
Climate Change: Stimulating a Green Recovery” looks at the global problem of climate change. With the world apparently on an economic recovery path, policymakers are looking at ways to limit the impact of climate change through broad international action. One of the challenges is to balance actions to mitigate climate change with measures to stimulate growth and prosperity. This issue of F&D also examines a variety of issues raised by the crisis—including the future of macroeconomics, explored by William White, former chief economist at the Bank for International Settlements, and the longer-term impact of the crisis on the United States, the world’s largest economy. Our “People in Economics” profile spotlights Joseph Stiglitz, the Nobel Laureate who “can’t get any respect at home.” We also look at the need for rebalancing growth in Asia, which is leading the world out of recession, and we interview five influential Asians on the region’s fragile rebound. We turn our “Straight Talk” column over to Barbara Stocking of Oxfam, who makes a forceful case for stepping up help to the most vulnerable around the world. “Data Spotlight” looks at trends in inflation, which has fallen into negative territory in some countries during the crisis, and in “Point-Counterpoint,” two experts discuss the pros and cons of remittances—funds repatriated by migrant workers to family and friends back home. “Back to Basics” gives a primer on international trade.
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
Au sommaire de ce numéro, intitulé « La lutte contre le changement climatique au service d'une reprise verte » : le problème mondial du changement climatique. Maintenant que l'économie mondiale semble sur la voie de la reprise, les dirigeants cherchent à limiter les effets du changement climatique en agissant à l'échelle internationale. Ils devront en particulier concilier les mesures visant à atténuer les effets du changement climatique et les actions à mener pour stimuler la croissance et assurer la prospérité. Ce numéro de F&D aborde plusieurs questions soulevées par la crise : l’avenir de la macroéconomie, sur lequel s’interroge William White, ancien économiste en chef à la Banque des règlements internationaux, et les effets à long terme de la crise sur les États-Unis, la plus grande économie du monde. La rubrique «Paroles d’économistes» est consacrée à Joseph Stiglitz, le lauréat du prix Nobel qui «n’arrive pas à être respecté chez lui». Nous examinons aussi la nécessité de rééquilibrer la croissance en Asie, première région du monde à sortir de la récession, et cinq personnalités asiatiques influentes donnent leur avis sur le redressement fragile de la région. Dans la rubrique «Entre nous», Barbara Stocking, d’Oxfam, présente des arguments forts en faveur d’un accroissement de l’aide pour les plus démunis. «Gros plan» examine l’évolution de l’inflation, qui est devenue négative dans certains pays pendant la crise et dans «Le pour et le contre», des experts proposent des points de vue différents sur les envois de fonds des travailleurs émigrés à leur famille et amis restés au pays. « L’ABC de l’économie » explique les principes du commerce international.
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
Climate Change: Stimulating a Green Recovery” looks at the global problem of climate change. With the world apparently on an economic recovery path, policymakers are looking at ways to limit the impact of climate change through broad international action. One of the challenges is to balance actions to mitigate climate change with measures to stimulate growth and prosperity. This issue of F&D also examines a variety of issues raised by the crisis—including the future of macroeconomics, explored by William White, former chief economist at the Bank for International Settlements, and the longer-term impact of the crisis on the United States, the world’s largest economy. Our “People in Economics” profile spotlights Joseph Stiglitz, the Nobel Laureate who “can’t get any respect at home.” We also look at the need for rebalancing growth in Asia, which is leading the world out of recession, and we interview five influential Asians on the region’s fragile rebound. We turn our “Straight Talk” column over to Barbara Stocking of Oxfam, who makes a forceful case for stepping up help to the most vulnerable around the world. “Data Spotlight” looks at trends in inflation, which has fallen into negative territory in some countries during the crisis, and in “Point-Counterpoint,” two experts discuss the pros and cons of remittances—funds repatriated by migrant workers to family and friends back home. “Back to Basics” gives a primer on international trade.
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
En “Cambio climático: Estimular una recuperación verde” se aborda el problema del cambio climático. Con la recuperación de la economía mundial aparentemente en marcha, las autoridades buscan maneras de limitar el impacto del cambio climático con medidas internacionales de gran alcance. Uno de los desafíos es conjugar las medidas para mitigar el cambio climático con las medidas en pro del crecimiento y la prosperidad. En este número de F&D se examinan además otras cuestiones planteadas por la crisis, como el futuro de la macroeconomía, en un artículo de William White, ex Economista Jefe del Banco de Pagos Internacionales; y el efecto a largo plazo de la crisis en Estados Unidos, la economía más grande del mundo. En “Gente del mundo de la economía” se entrevista a Joseph Stiglitz, el premio Nobel que “no es nada respetado en su propio país”. Analizamos también la necesidad de reequilibrar el crecimiento en Asia, que está a la cabeza de la recuperación mundial, y entrevistamos al respecto a cinco influyentes personajes de esa región. En “Hablando claro”, Barbara Stocking, de Oxfam, presenta argumentos de peso para incrementar la ayuda a los más vulnerables del mundo. En “Un vistazo a las cifras” se analizan las tendencias de la inflación, que cayó en terreno negativo en algunos países durante la crisis; y en “Punto y contrapunto” dos expertos debaten las ventajas y desventajas de las remesas de los trabajadores emigrantes a sus familias y amigos. En “Vuelta a lo esencial” se repasan aspectos básicos del comercio internacional.
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
Climate Change: Stimulating a Green Recovery” looks at the global problem of climate change. With the world apparently on an economic recovery path, policymakers are looking at ways to limit the impact of climate change through broad international action. One of the challenges is to balance actions to mitigate climate change with measures to stimulate growth and prosperity. This issue of F&D also examines a variety of issues raised by the crisis—including the future of macroeconomics, explored by William White, former chief economist at the Bank for International Settlements, and the longer-term impact of the crisis on the United States, the world’s largest economy. Our “People in Economics” profile spotlights Joseph Stiglitz, the Nobel Laureate who “can’t get any respect at home.” We also look at the need for rebalancing growth in Asia, which is leading the world out of recession, and we interview five influential Asians on the region’s fragile rebound. We turn our “Straight Talk” column over to Barbara Stocking of Oxfam, who makes a forceful case for stepping up help to the most vulnerable around the world. “Data Spotlight” looks at trends in inflation, which has fallen into negative territory in some countries during the crisis, and in “Point-Counterpoint,” two experts discuss the pros and cons of remittances—funds repatriated by migrant workers to family and friends back home. “Back to Basics” gives a primer on international trade.
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
Climate Change: Stimulating a Green Recovery” looks at the global problem of climate change. With the world apparently on an economic recovery path, policymakers are looking at ways to limit the impact of climate change through broad international action. One of the challenges is to balance actions to mitigate climate change with measures to stimulate growth and prosperity. This issue of F&D also examines a variety of issues raised by the crisis—including the future of macroeconomics, explored by William White, former chief economist at the Bank for International Settlements, and the longer-term impact of the crisis on the United States, the world’s largest economy. Our “People in Economics” profile spotlights Joseph Stiglitz, the Nobel Laureate who “can’t get any respect at home.” We also look at the need for rebalancing growth in Asia, which is leading the world out of recession, and we interview five influential Asians on the region’s fragile rebound. We turn our “Straight Talk” column over to Barbara Stocking of Oxfam, who makes a forceful case for stepping up help to the most vulnerable around the world. “Data Spotlight” looks at trends in inflation, which has fallen into negative territory in some countries during the crisis, and in “Point-Counterpoint,” two experts discuss the pros and cons of remittances—funds repatriated by migrant workers to family and friends back home. “Back to Basics” gives a primer on international trade.
International Monetary Fund
This paper discusses key findings of the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) for Côte d’Ivoire. The paper reveals that poverty is more acute in rural areas than in urban areas of Côte d’Ivoire. The increase of poverty is greater in the city of Abidjan, with about a 50 percent increase, compared with other towns where the rate of increase is slightly below 20 percent. As at the national level, poverty increased considerably at the level of development poles (regions) and differed from one pole to the other.
International Monetary Fund
This paper reviews the Annual Progress Report (APR) on Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) on Benin. The APR presents an overview of the implementation of the strategy addressing in turn the new vision of development in Benin, the major projects initiated for the creation of national wealth and the situation of poverty, and the achievement of the Millennium Development Goals in Benin. The APR also focuses on the level of implementation of the strategy, and deals with the monitoring of the macroeconomic and budgeting framework.
International Monetary Fund

Abstract

Global Monitoring Report 2008, the fifth in an annual series, is essential reading for those who wish to follow the global development agenda and debate in 2008. The year marks the midpoint toward the 2015 deadline for achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). It is also an important year to work toward a consensus on how the world is going to respond to the challenge of climate change, building on the foundation laid at the Bali climate change conference in December 2007. The report spans this agenda. It provides a comprehensive assessment of progress toward the MDGs and related policies and actions. It addresses the challenge of climate change and environmental sustainability and assesses its implications for development. The report's assessment of MDGs at midpoint presents a mixed picture, one of both significant progress and formidable challenges. The first MDG, reducing extreme poverty by half, is likely to be met at the global level, thanks to a remarkable surge in global economic growth over the past decade. But, on current trends, the human development MDGs are unlikely to be met. Prospects are gravest for the goals of reducing child and maternal mortality, but shortfalls are also likely in the primary school completion. nutrition, and sanitation MDGs. The potential effects of climate change compound the challenge of achieving the development goals and sustaining progress. The report's messages are clear: urgent action is needed to help the world get back on track to achieve the MDGs; and urgent action is also needed to combat climate change that threatens the well-being of all countries, but particularly of poor countries and poor people. The goals of development and environmental sustainability are closely related, and the paths to those goals have important synergies.