In response to a request from the Government of Kenya, an AFRITAC East (AFE) government finance statistics (GFS) technical assistance (TA) mission was conducted in Nairobi, Kenya, during October 7–16, 2019. The primary objective of the mission was to support staff in improving the quality of fiscal and public debt data for the general government and migration of the fiscal framework to Government Finance Statistics Manual 2014 (GFSM 2014) concepts to facilitate fiscal and debt policy analysis for improved public financial management. This is a continuation of the ongoing efforts in capacity development aimed at supporting member countries to adopt the GFSM 2014 and the Public Sector Debt Statistics Guide (PSDSG 2011).
In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discussions with government officials, is published at the option of the member country.
This report provides a summary of the Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) measures in place in Guernsey at the time of the mission or shortly thereafter. The assessors reviewed the institutional framework; the relevant AML/CFT laws, regulations, guidelines, and other requirements; and the regulatory and other systems in place to deter and punish money laundering (ML) and the financing of terrorism (FT) through financial institutions and Designated Non-Financial Businesses and Professions (DNFBP). The assessors also examined the capacity, implementation, and effectiveness of all these systems.
Bailiwick of Guernsey has a Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) legal framework that provides the basis for an AML/CFT regime. It has a program to review and enhance AML/CFT legislation and monitor effectiveness of compliance with the AML/CFT regime. Assessors found that confiscation and provisional measures within Bailiwick are robust. They also found that previous designation mechanisms had a negative impact on the effectiveness of the mutual legal assistance system. The assessors recommended to enhance the requirements for the freezing and confiscation of terrorist assets, and also provided guidance.
Guernsey is a leading international insurance center in Europe. Its economy purely depends on the performance of the financial sector. As per the 2003 assessment under the Offshore Financial Center (OFC) program, it is found that the Guernsey Financial Services Commission (GFSC)’s powers have been strengthened in recent years and many recommendations of the 2003 Financial Sector Assessment Program (FSAP) have been implemented. The GFSC has developed a strategy for addressing banks' financial stability risks, but strong policy measures will be essential to deal with the potential vulnerabilities and challenges ahead.
Guernsey’s status as the largest international insurance center in Europe hinges on its progressive infrastructure and operational flexibility. Guernsey updates its regulatory regime continually and has implemented all the recommendations arising from the 2003 Offshore Financial Center (OFC) assessment. The updated regulatory framework has a high level of observance with the Insurance Core Principles (ICPs). The Guernsey Financial Services Commission (GFSC) should expand its range of enforcement powers and also implement the public disclosure standards established by the International Association of Insurance Supervisors (IAIS). The mission advised the GFSC to continually assess the practical implementation of Own Solvency Capital Assessment (OSCA).
The Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision (BCP) assessment confirms the high standard of prudential regulation and supervision described in the 2003 assessment, and found that the issues identified have largely been addressed. The Guernsey Financial Services Commission (GFSC), being the integrated regulator, is responsible for the regulation and supervision of all financial institutions and services provided on the island, and as the banking supervisor, has disciplinary powers to address safety and soundness issues. The GFSC cooperates with the home supervisors of institutions active on the island. Several broad areas for further action have been identified.
Stress testing (ST) was undertaken as part of the Guernsey Financial sector assessment Program (FSAP) Update in order to assess the resilience of the Guernsey financial system to a variety of potential strains. The approach taken was a simulation of the effect of a potential double-dip recession on solvency of Guernsey banks and insurance companies. The STs assess the sensitivity of banks and insurance companies to single-factor shocks to risk types affecting solvency and liquidity position of institutions. The mission recommends that future STs should be risk-based and that macroprudential analysis should be run on a regular basis.
Jersey’s macroeconomic performance is generally satisfactory. Unemployment is low, and the trend growth rate and inflation have been satisfactorily examined. A Detailed Assessment of the Observance of the Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision Report on Jersey was also done. The legal system, which is broadly based on common law with French and Norman elements, is highly developed. The authorities have substantially adequate powers to direct, intervene in, and close a troubled financial institution.
This assessment of the Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision has been completed as part of the IMF Offshore Financial Center (OFC) assessment program. First, the assessment benchmarks the current state of banking supervision, recognizing that there have been extensive changes in the last few years. Second, it suggests a number of further improvements or changes. Thus, this report provides a key input for the development of an action plan to move toward full compliance with the Core Principles.