Africa > Gabon

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International Monetary Fund. African Dept.
This paper discusses the common policies needed for the member countries of the Central African Economic and Monetary Community (CEMAC). CEMAC growth was subdued in 2015. It slowed to 1.6 percent, from 4.9 percent in 2014, because of reduced public investment and lower oil production. Policies to counter the oil-price shock need to focus on fiscal consolidation and real-economy reforms. In the wake of the oil-price shock, monetary financing has been the primary response tool. Fiscal policy coordination among members should be strengthened, and fiscal discipline enforcement is needed. Real-economy reforms, focusing on improving the business climate and boosting private investment, are also needed to preserve macroeconomic stability.
International Monetary Fund. African Dept.
This paper discusses impact of the falling oil prices on the Gabon’s economy. With oil accounting for roughly 40 percent of its GDP, 45 percent of its government revenues, and nearly 85 percent of its exports in 2014, Gabon’s economic growth prospects depend on how it copes with the recent oil-price slumps. Economic performance during major oil-price declines clearly illustrates the vulnerability of Gabon and other oil-dependent countries in sub-Saharan Africa. The recent oil-price slump is bound to generate a major deceleration of Gabon’s non-oil economy. Given the strength of the government transmission channel, the authorities should support economic activity (through productive spending) while ensuring fiscal sustainability.
Mr. Adrian Alter and Boriana Yontcheva
This paper examines financial inclusion and development in the CEMAC. We explore the level of financial inclusion in the CEMAC through a benchmarking exercise.We construct a measure of financial development gap and analyze its determinants. Using panel data regressions, we find that inflation, income, and natural resources explain most of the financial development level but that better financial sector governance and stronger economic governance are positively associated with financial sector development. Richer and poorer countries can be equally far from their expected financial development levels. Finally, we use a benchmarking exercise to identify countries that have successfully reduced the financial development gap and propose policy measures that CEMAC countries could use to boost financial inclusion.
International Monetary Fund
Depuis plusieurs années, le FMI publie un nombre croissant de rapports et autres documents couvrant l'évolution et les tendances économiques et financières dans les pays membres. Chaque rapport, rédigé par une équipe des services du FMI à la suite d'entretiens avec des représentants des autorités, est publié avec l'accord du pays concerné.
International Monetary Fund
Oil production over the last 40 years has transformed Gabon into a middle-income country; but income inequality is high, and non-commodity sectors are stagnant. Gabon is recovering from the global financial crisis. The recovery to be sustained, with downside risks from commodity prices and possible slippages in policy implementation. The fiscal stance has important implications for domestic stability. Medium-term fiscal consolidation is vital to ensuring fiscal sustainability and external competitiveness as oil production dwindles over time. The authorities have embarked on major reforms of public financial management (PFM).
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
'Africa: Making Its Move' explores some of the obstacles facing sub-Saharan Africa as it attempts to capitalize on changes that offer fresh opportunities for growth and poverty reduction. The lead article describes the changes and suggests how Africa can build on them to progress further. Other articles focus on the aid situation, financial sector development, trade, the business environment, and political and policy reform on the continent. 'Country Focus' examines the Central African Economic and Monetary Community, and two guest contributors look at how the international community can help the most fragile states and how oil-producing countries can manage windfall revenues. 'People in Economics' profiles the European Central bank's first chief economist, Otmar Issing; 'Picture This' examines the global housing slowdown; and 'Back to Basics,' explains current account deficits. Another article discusses the realities of health financing.