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Mr. Ian Lienert
Esta nota1 trata las siguientes cuestiones principales: • ¿En qué momento del ciclo presupuestario debería participar el parlamento? • ¿Qué aspectos aprueba normalmente el parlamento, a diferencia de los aspectos que revisa? • ¿Con qué estructura interna y apoyo debería contar el parlamento para examinar los proyectos de presupuesto preparados por el gobierno y el presupuesto aprobado? • ¿Qué requisitos legales y de rendición de cuentas debería imponer el parlamento al poder ejecutivo? • ¿De qué manera debería formalizarse la participación de la legislatura en los procesos presupuestarios en las leyes y reglamentaciones?
Mr. Ian Lienert
This paper examines the role of the legislature in budget processes. The paper highlights that for promoting good governance and fiscal transparency, the legislature’s active engagement in the budget process is essential. When fiscal policies and medium-term budgetary objectives are debated in parliament, budget strategies and policies are “owned” more widely. However, more active participation by the legislature runs the risk that fiscal discipline deteriorates. In countries where the legislature has unrestrained budget amendment authority, parliament is prone to introduce changes that increase spending or reduce taxes.
Mr. Martin Cihak and Alexander F. Tieman
The paper analyzes the quality of financial sector regulation and supervision around the globe. Unlike studies that collect and analyze data on regulation and supervision "on the books," this study also analyzes available information on supervisory implementation, making use of data from IMF-World Bank assessments of compliance with international standards and codes. Incorporating supervisory implementation into the study provides an improved means of assessing countries' regulatory systems. We find that countries' regulatory frameworks score on average one notch below full compliance with the standards (on a 4-notch scale). There are substantial differences in the quality of regulatory and supervisory frameworks across countries, with the income level being a major factor.
International Monetary Fund

This report reviews observance of Standards and Codes for the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) 40+9 Recommendations and the Anti-money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) measures in place in Finland. The report describes the level of compliance with the FATF 40+9 Recommendations, and contains recommendations on how the AML/CFT system could be strengthened. The report reveals that Finland has a good legal structure to combat money laundering and terrorist financing.

International Monetary Fund
This report reviews observance of Standards and Codes for the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) 40+9 Recommendations and the Anti-money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) measures in place in Finland. The report describes the level of compliance with the FATF 40+9 Recommendations, and contains recommendations on how the AML/CFT system could be strengthened. The report reveals that Finland has a good legal structure to combat money laundering and terrorist financing.
International Monetary Fund
This Selected Issues paper attempts to analyze the end-point problem and improve the quality of potential GDP estimates for Germany. It projects that Germany’s potential GDP growth will slow over the coming decade, mainly because of declining labor input. The paper focuses on a long-term fiscal scenario for Germany based on current policies. The paper also attempts to construct a preliminary public sector balance sheet for Germany, and analyzes the performance of its nonfinancial corporate sector.