The IMF Board approved a 36-month ECF arrangement for Cabo Verde in June 2022. The program aims to: strengthen public finances and put debt on a downward path; reduce fiscal risks from public enterprises and improve their financial management; modernize the monetary policy framework and improve resilience of the financial system; and raise the growth potential. Cabo Verde was hit hard by the COVID-19 pandemic. The recovery is now underway, and the economy has recorded five consecutive quarters of growth, supported by a rebound in tourism. The fiscal position has improved, the debt-to- GDP ratio is on a downward path, reserves are within the target range, and the financial sector remains resilient. However, spillovers from Russia’s invasion of Ukraine have led to double-digit increases in energy and food prices.
Cabo Verde’s economy is facing significant economic challenges associated with the lingering effects of the pandemic, as well as rising food and fuel prices triggered by the war in Ukraine. Climate change is also creating new difficulties after a fourth consecutive drought year. The economy rebounded strongly in 2021 following the COVID-19 induced recession in 2020, due in part to the authorities’ effective policy response, including one of the most successful vaccination programs in sub-Saharan Africa. However, the spillover effects of the Ukraine war are likely to weaken the economic recovery, worsen the fiscal and external positions, lead to higher inflation, and result in a substantial decline in international reserves. As a result, strong policy measures are needed to shore up international reserves, preserve debt sustainability, increase resilience to shocks, including climate change adaptation and mitigation, and make growth more inclusive.