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International Monetary Fund
This paper discusses key findings of the First Review Under the Policy Support Instrument (PSI) for Cape Verde. The PSI seeks to reduce macroeconomic risks, provides a margin of safety against exogenous shocks, and addresses the prospect of a longer-term decline in highly concessional external support. Economic and policy performance remains strong. Growth projections for 2006 and 2007 have been revised upward, international reserves are accumulating rapidly, and inflation is falling more quickly than expected. The authorities reaffirm their commitment to the PSI policy objectives.
Mr. Sanjeev Gupta, Ms. Catherine A Pattillo, and Ms. Smita Wagh
This paper assesses the impact of the steadily growing remittance flows to sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Though the region receives only a small portion of the total recorded remittances to developing countries, and the volume of aid flows to SSA swamps remittances, this paper finds that remittances, which are a stable, private transfer, have a direct poverty mitigating effect, and promote financial development. These findings hold even after factoring in the reverse causality between remittances, poverty and financial development. The paper posits that formalizing such flows can serve as an effective access point for "unbanked" individuals and households, and that the effective use of such flows can mitigate the costs of skilled out-migration in SSA.