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International Monetary Fund
This Joint Staff Advisory Note provides IMF staff advice on key priorities for strengthening the Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy (GPRS II) for Ghana and for ensuring its effective implementation. It highlights critical areas that could justify renewed focus. IMF staff commends the Ghanaian authorities for the breadth and scope of the document, as well as the candid treatment of some of the issues. IMF staff also welcomes the progress in several areas reported in the annual progress report.
International Monetary Fund
This Joint Staff Advisory Note focuses on the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper–II for Cape Verde. Important progress was made in poverty reduction, but rural poverty still remains high. The strategy reports that Cape Verde is on track to meet the Millennium Development Goal of halving extreme poverty by 2015. Despite progress made to date, the gap between urban and rural income growth is still wide; thus, efforts to raise rural incomes further and a more effective design of social inclusion programs are needed.
International Monetary Fund
The staff report for the First Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) for the Islamic Republic of Mauritania explains the macroeconomic outlook and fiscal policy. Despite a substantial oil revenue shortfall, the fiscal deficit target was met and significant reserves were maintained in the oil fund. The prudent monetary stance contributed to strengthening confidence in the ouguiya and reining in inflation. Mauritania needs to continue to mobilize concessional support to finance its poverty reduction strategy.
International Monetary Fund
This paper discusses key findings of the Second Review Under the Staff Monitored Program (SMP) for Mauritania. Mauritania’s performance since the beginning of 2006 has been fully satisfactory. All quantitative targets and structural benchmarks under the SMP that covered the first six months of 2006 were observed. Sound macroeconomic policies reined in inflation and contributed to the elimination of the parallel foreign exchange market premium. The proposed Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF)-supported program will consolidate the progress achieved during the SMP toward macroeconomic stabilization.
International Monetary Fund
This paper reviews the request from the São Tomé and Príncipe authorities for a Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF). In 2004, the economy continued to grow at a moderate pace, but inflation increased to 15 percent by year-end, as bank credit to the private sector rose sharply and the government loosened fiscal policy. The proposed program for 2005–07 aims at correcting macroeconomic imbalances and sets the conditions for sustained strong growth. Real GDP growth is envisaged to slow down in 2005 in response to tight financial policies.
International Monetary Fund
This paper discusses key findings of the Second Review Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) for Georgia. All quantitative performance criteria (PCs) for end-December 2004 were met, but the indicative target on reserve money growth was exceeded, mainly because of large unsterilized intervention in the foreign exchange market. The structural reform agenda focuses on consolidating the fiscal gains, removing key obstacles to growth, and enhancing social protection and the provision of basic services.
International Monetary Fund
This paper analyzes requests from Chad authorities for a Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) and Additional Interim Assistance Under the Enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative. The authorities made progress in implementing structural reforms in 2004. In particular, they took corrective measures for the two structural benchmarks missed under the sixth review of the previous PRGF arrangement. They also continued efforts to meet structural conditions for the completion point under the enhanced HIPC Initiative.
International Monetary Fund
This paper reviews Congo’s Performance Under the Staff-Monitored Program (SMP) and Request for a Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility. Improvements in the political environment and an increased focus on economic management since late 2002 have already led to stronger economic growth and lower inflation. The 2004 SMP produced good results. All the program’s quantitative budgetary and financial indicators were met. Major progress was made in improving oil sector transparency with the widespread dissemination of information on the Internet, which is particularly noteworthy and exemplary among countries in Africa.
International Monetary Fund
This paper examines Congo’s 2004 Article IV Consultation and New Staff-Monitored Program (SMP). In the context of improved security, the pace of economic activity in the non-oil sector has increased. Non-oil real GDP increased by about 10 percent per year on average during 2000–03. Consumer price inflation decelerated significantly in the postwar period. The fiscal position in 2003 improved from the exceptionally poor performance of 2002, but the underlying fiscal effort was weak relative to the 2003 budget.
International Monetary Fund
The staff report for the Request for a Three-Year Arrangement Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility on Georgia focuses on economic developments and policies. The fiscal situation deteriorated sharply in 2003, especially because of a weakening in expenditure management and in tax enforcement. Policy discussions focused on strategies to address the challenges inherited from the previous administration and to reinvigorate the reform drive. Georgia’s vulnerability to exogenous shocks and lingering tensions between central and regional authorities will continue to pose downward risks.