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International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department
This Detailed Assessment of Observance on Insurance Core Principles on Thailand discusses that the government of Thailand has made a concerted effort to develop the insurance sector. The government has implemented a series of insurance development plans toward this end. Some significant regulatory and supervisory challenges remain, however, if Thailand is to continue to meet the pressures of a changing market and to continue to build the trust on which future growth depends. Consideration should be given to vesting more supervisory authority for key supervisory decisions with the Commission rather than with the Minister and Cabinet. Vesting authority with the Commission will help to ensure that the insurance supervisor has adequate powers to meet the objectives of insurance supervision. With respect to winding up and exit from the market, the insurance legislation should be amended to clearly establish a point at which it is no longer permissible for a troubled insurer to continue in business.
International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department
This Technical Note discusses key findings and recommendations of the assessment on the Insurance Sector for Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH). It is observed that 10 insurance companies, accounting for 40 percent of the nonlife market, have low solvency margins and may require supervisory action in the near future. Motor Third Party Liability insurance remains under pressure as market participants are not always compliant with the statutory tariff. It is expected that the Insurance Agency of Bosnia and Herzegovina will enhance the harmonization of entity-level regulations within BiH as well as with the European Union insurance directives.
International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department
This paper discusses key findings of the assessment of India’s compliance with the International Association of Insurance Supervisors Insurance Core Principles (ICP). Indian Regulatory and Development Authority (IRDA) has so far decided that India is not yet ready for a full transition to cutting-edge international approaches owing to informational and skills shortages and a continuing lack of international consensus. Certain prudential ICPs come under this heading, and IRDA will need to augment its resources in its core supervisory departments if it is to introduce a rigorous corrective action and enforcement regime built on a risk-based approach to the capital and operational management of insurers.
International Monetary Fund
A full assessment of Israel’s compliance with the Insurance Core Principles (ICPs) of the International Association of Insurance Supervisors (IAIS) is presented. The Minister of Finance bears the political responsibility for supervisory oversight of the Israeli insurance system. Nonlife insurance accounts for about 50 percent of total premiums in the country, and motor premiums make up about 50 percent of that total. The Israeli insurance sector has been hit hard by the financial crisis. The Israeli stock market has fallen by 51 percent, sharply impacting companies’ earnings in 2008.
International Monetary Fund
This paper discusses key findings of the detailed assessment of observance of financial sector standards and codes in Switzerland. Switzerland has a relatively unique banking sector, with a high market concentration by the two largest domestic banks. The overall assessment of the peer-review team is that Switzerland is generally in compliance with the Basel Core Principles with two exceptions where the Swiss Federal Banking Commission (SFBC) is deemed largely compliant. The two exception areas are budgetary independence and banking activities not subject to SFBC supervision.
International Monetary Fund
This paper discusses key findings of the assessment of Financial Sector Supervision and Regulation in Andorra. The assessment reveals that bank supervision in Andorra is broadly sound and has improved since the 2002 assessment. Institut Nacional Andorrà de Finances’ (INAF) new charter strengthened its independence and remedial powers. But these could be further strengthened by empowering it to impose all types of sanctions. Developing INAF’s onsite supervisory capacity and clarifying its requests to external auditors will be important for the bank and nonbank financial sectors.
International Monetary Fund
This report on the offshore financial center program contains technical advice and recommendations given by the staff team of the International Monetary Fund in response to Liechtenstein’s request for technical assistance. It provides detailed assessment of observance of the Basel Core Principles for effective banking supervision, implementation of the International Organization of Securities Commissions (IOSCO) Objectives And Principles Of Securities Regulation, and observance of the International Association of Insurance Supervisors (IAIS) core principles. It also provides the methodology for Assessing Compliance with Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism Standards, endorsed by the Financial Action Task Force.