Western Hemisphere > Bolivia

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International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.
This paper presents Bolivia’s Request for Purchase Under the Rapid Financing Instrument (RFI). Bolivia has requested a purchase under the RFI to cover the urgent balance of payments need arising from an ongoing shift in its terms of trade, slowdown in capital flows, and sudden increase in health care expenditure needs, precipitated by the coronavirus disease 2019 epidemic. The IMF staff assess that Bolivia meets the eligibility requirements for the RFI. Public debt is sustainable, and Bolivia has adequate capacity to repay the IMF. The epidemic will have a substantial impact on Bolivia’s economy, constraining domestic output, reducing export demand, lowering the price of its principal exports, curtailing external financing flows, squeezing fiscal revenues, and increasing expenditures for public health and social support. In IMF staff’s view, Bolivia’s debt remains sustainable over the medium term and, while the outlook remains highly uncertain, Bolivia maintains an adequate capacity to repay the IMF. The IMF staff therefore recommend Board approval of Bolivia’s request for a purchase under the RFI of 100 percent of quota.
Lucía Pérez Fragoso and Corina Rodríguez Enríquez
Gender budgeting is an approach to fiscal policy and administration that integrates considerations of women’s equality and advancement into the budget. Latin American countries have undertaken diverse gender budgeting initiatives, most of them addressing public expenditures. This paper surveys and assesses some key initiatives, including those in Mexico, Mexico City, Ecuador, Bolivia, and El Salvador, and briefly summarizes others. The five key initiatives offer different perspectives on how countries approach gender budgeting. We find that these initiatives are contributing to the reduction of gender inequality and the advancement of women in Latin America, though there is scope to strengthen them.
International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.
This paper elaborates Bolivia’s fiscal transparency assessment report. The purpose of this IMF report is to facilitate countries in analyzing the fiscal situation through the appropriate basic, good, and advanced practices to identify which areas might benefit from reforms. These reforms intend to improve the coverage, opportunity, and quality of the macrofiscal information. The IMF report suggests that the issues merited improvements are related to the nonpreparation of audited annual consolidated financial statements of the central government and the absence of estimates and reports on tax expenditure.
International Monetary Fund
The staff report for the Sixth Review under the Stand-By Arrangement and Requests for Waiver of Performance Criteria on Bolivia highlights economic developments and preliminary macroeconomic framework. The economy is characterized by a number of vulnerabilities that require policy vigilance. These include a highly dollarized financial system subject to deposit runs and a fiscal position sensitive to revenue/expenditure-sharing arrangements between the central and subnational governments. Policies to ensure continued macroeconomic stability will provide continuity and a framework for sound policy action by the successor government.
Mr. Tubagus Feridhanusetyawan, Mr. Alun H. Thomas, Ms. Tessa Van der Willigen, Ms. Uma Ramakrishnan, S. Reichold, Mr. Juan Zalduendo, and Mr. James P Walsh
This paper focuses on the fact that the 2004–2005 conditionality review expands to include a review of the application of the new Guidelines on Conditionality, adopted in 2002. These guidelines were the culmination of a comprehensive and far-reaching review of conditionality that aimed to enhance the effectiveness of IMF-supported programs. They represented the first revision of the IMF’s conditionality guidelines since 1979, and were developed by the IMF after seeking input from civil society and public forums held in several countries. This review comes at an early stage of experience with the new guidelines, and further evidence will be needed before definite conclusions can be drawn. The ultimate test of conditionality is whether it contributes to better economic outcomes, including over the medium term, and these cannot yet be gauged. Moreover, although this review draws in part on case studies, no substitute exists for cross-country analysis for identifying broad trends, and at this stage such analysis is hampered by small sample sizes.
International Monetary Fund
Preliminary estimates show that pension costs will continue to grow for several years, and controlling and curbing pension costs will be a challenge for Bolivia. Market-friendly reforms could limit the scope for dollarization and its risks. A gradual shift toward a more flexible exchange rate regime will help Bolivia to face adverse shocks. This paper summarizes the main components of Bolivia’s strategy to strengthen the financial and corporate sectors. The statistical data on economic indices of Bolivia are also presented in the paper.
International Monetary Fund
This paper examines Bolivia’s Request for a Stand-By Arrangement (SBA). The Bolivian authorities have focused their efforts on restoring economic and social stability, strengthening the banking and corporate sectors, and establishing the basis for sustained growth. In support of their economic program for 2003, the authorities have requested an SBA equivalent to 50 percent of quota (SDR 86 million). At the same time, the authorities continue to develop a broader set of medium-term structural reforms, for which they plan to seek support through an arrangement under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility as soon as possible.
International Monetary Fund
This paper provides statistical data of macroeconomic flows, national accounts, production, and employment, combined public sector, financial sector, and external sector. They are listed as follows: gross domestic product by expenditure, mining reserves and production, investment in petroleum exploration, consumer prices, public sector employment, operations of the central government, monetary surveys, selected interest rates, open market bills, balance of payments, exports by principal products, direction of trade, effective exchange rate, summary accounts of the central bank, imports by economic category, and so on.
International Monetary Fund
In this paper, the statistical data of macroeconomic flows, national accounts, production, and employment, combined public sector, financial sector, and external sector are presented in detail. They are listed as follows: aggregate supply and demand, the volume of mining production, mining reserves and production, consumer prices, private sector wages, operations of the central government and central administration, monetary survey, selected index rates, open market bills, summary accounts of the financial system, exports by principal products, imports by economic category, direction of trade, and so on.