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International Monetary Fund
This Joint Staff Advisory Note focuses on the Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper–Annual Progress Report (APR) for Burundi. Slow implementation of structural reforms, a sharp decline in coffee production, and the unstable security situation are largely responsible for lower-than-expected economic growth. Poor weather conditions and rising international petroleum and food prices are the main factors behind the faster-than-expected increase in domestic consumer prices. The APR also discusses the issue of regional economic integration, which is one of the elements that will shape medium-term economic developments in Burundi.
International Monetary Fund
This paper discusses the progress made by Burundi under the enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative. Burundi has made satisfactory progress in achieving the completion point triggers. It has fully implemented the triggers on preparing and implementing a Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) and maintaining a stable macroeconomic environment. The paper recommends that the Executive Directors of the International Development Association (IDA) and the IMF approve the completion point for Burundi under the enhanced HIPC Initiative.
International Monetary Fund
The Selected Issues paper for Uganda and Rwanda discusses the impact of rising international food and fuel prices on inflation. Unlike in the case of fuel-producing countries, the East African Community countries are major agricultural producers, with agriculture accounting for 20 percent to 40 percent of their GDP. The two most important factors limiting the pass-through of world food commodities are therefore the high degree of self-sufficiency in the production of main tradable food commodities and their relative insulation from international markets.
Olivier Basdevant
Over the last thirty years Burundi's low economic growth has led to a significant decline in per capita GDP. The purpose of this paper is to shed light on supply-side constraints that prevented Burundi's economy from growing faster. Lack of investment, civil conflict, economic inefficiencies, state intervention in the economy, and regulatory restrictions explain a large part of the weak growth performance for the last thirty years.
International Monetary Fund
This Selected Issues paper on Burundi highlights that after the Arusha Peace Agreement in 2000 Burundi has faced a wide range of challenges to generate sustained and equitable economic growth and improve social conditions. Burundi has begun to stabilize the economy, liberalized the trade and exchange regimes, reformed monetary policy, and taken steps to reinforce public financial management. GDP growth has been high during the program, except in 2005, when drought and floods reduced growth to about 1 percent of GDP.