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International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & and Review Department
This note provides operational guidance to staff on how to engage on social safeguard issues with low-income countries in both program and surveillance contexts. The note is not intended as a comprehensive guide, and should be used in conjunction with other operational guidance notes, such as those relating to conditionality and surveillance.
International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept
Executive Directors commend Bangladesh in addressing the major challenges to growth and poverty reduction. The strategy is comprehensive and confronts the key issues impeding sustainable development and inclusive growth in Bangladesh. Implementing sound macro-financial policies, intensifying revenue mobilization, improving the business environment, ensuring trade liberalization, and improving governance and accountability are top priorities. Actions should be sequenced according to these priorities. Severe external shocks could reignite macroeconomic pressures and undermine socioeconomic targets.
International Monetary Fund. African Dept.
Bangladesh’s second Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper -- “Steps Towards Change: National Strategy for Accelerated Poverty Reduction II (NSAPR II)” – provides a framework for implementing the government’s agenda during FY09-FY11. First prepared by a Caretaker government,1 the NSAPR II was later revised by the current elected government to reflect its priorities. The NSAPR II outlines five strategic priorities and describes the supporting strategies to achieve them. This Joint Staff Advisory Note (JSAN) provides feedback on priority areas for strengthening the NSAPR II and its implementation.
International Monetary Fund
The staff report for the 2007 Article IV Consultation on Bangladesh highlights recent developments and policy discussions. Bangladesh’s growth outlook and external position remain robust, but inflation has picked up. Overall macroeconomic stability has been maintained, but fiscal performance continues to suffer from structural weaknesses. Executive Directors welcomed the planned reforms in the area of public financial management and the adoption by major ministries of the medium-term budget framework. They supported the recent reforms to promote transparency, fair elections, and the prevention of money laundering.
International Monetary Fund
Bangladesh is reducing poverty and making headway toward meeting its MDGs. However, political considerations are exerting an increasing influence on economic policy decisions. The overall fiscal balance has been kept below budget and program targets, notwithstanding sizable revenue slippages. Monetary policy has been gradually tightened, and the exchange rate has stabilized in recent months, but further monetary tightening is needed. Quantitative performance criteria for the fifth review were met with the exception of that for revenue collection.
Mr. Jan Kees Martijn, Gabriel Di Bella, Mr. Shamsuddin Tareq, Mr. Benedict J. Clements, and Mr. Abebe Aemro Selassie


Macroeconomic outcomes in low-income countries (LICs) have improved markedly in recent years, but important questions remain regarding possible adjustments in the design of IMF-supported programs in such countries. This paper draws on a review of the literature as well as the experience of 15 LICs that have attained some degree of macroeconomic stability to discuss, for example, the appropriate target range for inflation in shock-prone LICs; whether countries should use fiscal space to cut excessive tax burdens, reduce high debt levels, or raise public spending; and how the effectiveness of public expenditures can be improved.

International Monetary Fund
This paper discusses key findings of the Fourth Review Under the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) for Bangladesh. Several quantitative and structural performance criteria have been missed for the fourth PRGF review. The nonobservance of these performance criteria largely reflects delays in securing the disbursement of external program assistance and difficulties in achieving the necessary internal consensus for advancing key structural reforms. In view of the remedial measures implemented by the authorities, IMF staff supports the requests for waiver of performance criteria.
International Monetary Fund
This Joint Staff Advisory Note provides IMF staff advice on key priorities for strengthening Bangladesh’s poverty reduction strategy (PRS) and for ensuring its effective implementation. It highlights key strengths of the PRS while bringing out some weaknesses of existing policies that may undermine successful implementation of the strategy. The note highlights that the strategic agenda of the National Strategy for Accelerated Poverty Reduction (NSAPR), built on the policy triangle of pro-poor growth, human development, and governance, is consistent with the challenge of accelerating growth and poverty reduction.
International Monetary Fund
This paper reviews Bangladesh’s National Strategy for Accelerated Poverty Reduction (NSAPR). The main goal of Bangladesh’s Poverty Reduction Strategy is based on a vision for poverty reduction formed on the basis of the understanding of key issues of the present state of the economy. To fulfill the vision of poverty reduction, four strategic blocks are identified. These four blocks are enhancing pro-poor growth, boosting critical sectors for pro-poor economic growth, devising effective safety nets and targeted programs, and finally ensuring social development.
International Monetary Fund
This paper focuses on the National Strategy for Accelerated Poverty Reduction for Bangladesh. The paper discusses that accelerating growth and bringing a pro-poor orientation in the growth process would be achieved through emphasizing four priority areas: accelerated growth in rural areas and development of agriculture and nonfarm economic activities; small and medium manufacturing enterprises; rural electrification, roads, water supply and sanitation; and information and communication technologies. Moreover, there are critical follow-up issues, which will determine the success of the poverty reduction strategy.