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International Monetary Fund

Abstract

La titubeante recuperación de 2021 ha venido seguida de una evolución cada vez más lúgubre en 2022, a causa de los riesgos que comenzaron a materializarse. Durante el segundo trimestre de este año, el producto mundial se contrajo, debido a la desaceleración de China y Rusia, mientras que el gasto de los hogares en Estados Unidos no alcanzó las expectativas. Varios shocks han sacudido una economía mundial ya debilitada por la pandemia: una inflación superior a lo previsto en todo el mundo—sobre todo en Estados Unidos y las principales economías europeas—que ha provocado el endurecimiento de las condiciones financieras; una desaceleración peor de lo previsto en China, consecuencia de los brotes de la COVID-19 y los confinamientos, y las nuevas repercusiones negativas de la guerra en Ucrania.

International Monetary Fund

Abstract

Une reprise timide en 2021 a été suivie d’épisodes de plus en plus sombres en 2022 alors que des risques commençaient à se matérialiser. La production mondiale s’est contractée au deuxième trimestre de cette année, du fait de ralentissements de l’activité en Chine et en Russie tandis qu’aux états-Unis, les dépenses des ménages étaient inférieures aux attentes. Plusieurs chocs ont frappé une économie mondiale déjà fragilisée par la pandémie : une inflation plus forte que prévu dans le monde entier, en particulier aux états-Unis et dans les pays européens les plus importants économiquement, qui a provoqué un durcissement des conditions de financement ; un ralentissement plus prononcé qu’attendu en Chine des suites de flambées de COVID-19 et de confinements ; enfin de nouvelles répercussions négatives de la guerre en Ukraine.

International Monetary Fund

Abstract

A tentative recovery in 2021 has been followed by increasingly gloomy developments in 2022 as risks began to materialize. Global output contracted in the second quarter of this year, owing to downturns in China and Russia, while US consumer spending undershot expectations. Several shocks have hit a world economy already weakened by the pandemic: higher-than-expected inflation worldwide—especially in the United States and major European economies—triggering tighter financial conditions; a worse-than-anticipated slowdown in China, reflecting COVID-19 outbreaks and lockdowns; and further negative spillovers from the war in Ukraine.

International Monetary Fund

Abstract

A tentative recovery in 2021 has been followed by increasingly gloomy developments in 2022 as risks began to materialize. Global output contracted in the second quarter of this year, owing to downturns in China and Russia, while US consumer spending undershot expectations. Several shocks have hit a world economy already weakened by the pandemic: higher-than-expected inflation worldwide—especially in the United States and major European economies—triggering tighter financial conditions; a worse-than-anticipated slowdown in China, reflecting COVID-19 outbreaks and lockdowns; and further negative spillovers from the war in Ukraine.

International Monetary Fund

Abstract

A tentative recovery in 2021 has been followed by increasingly gloomy developments in 2022 as risks began to materialize. Global output contracted in the second quarter of this year, owing to downturns in China and Russia, while US consumer spending undershot expectations. Several shocks have hit a world economy already weakened by the pandemic: higher-than-expected inflation worldwide—especially in the United States and major European economies—triggering tighter financial conditions; a worse-than-anticipated slowdown in China, reflecting COVID-19 outbreaks and lockdowns; and further negative spillovers from the war in Ukraine.

International Monetary Fund

Abstract

A tentative recovery in 2021 has been followed by increasingly gloomy developments in 2022 as risks began to materialize. Global output contracted in the second quarter of this year, owing to downturns in China and Russia, while US consumer spending undershot expectations. Several shocks have hit a world economy already weakened by the pandemic: higher-than-expected inflation worldwide—especially in the United States and major European economies—triggering tighter financial conditions; a worse-than-anticipated slowdown in China, reflecting COVID-19 outbreaks and lockdowns; and further negative spillovers from the war in Ukraine.

International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Abstract

The war in Ukraine has triggered a costly humanitarian crisis that demands a peaceful resolution. At the same time, economic damage from the conflict will contribute to a significant slowdown in global growth in 2022 and add to inflation. Fuel and food prices have increased rapidly, hitting vulnerable populations in low-income countries hardest. Global growth is projected to slow from an estimated 6.1 percent in 2021 to 3.6 percent in 2022 and 2023. This is 0.8 and 0.2 percentage points lower for 2022 and 2023 than projected in January. Beyond 2023, global growth is forecast to decline to about 3.3 percent over the medium term. War-induced commodity price increases and broadening price pressures have led to 2022 inflation projections of 5.7 percent in advanced economies and 8.7 percent in emerging market and developing economies—1.8 and 2.8 percentage points higher than projected last January. Multilateral efforts to respond to the humanitarian crisis, prevent further economic fragmentation, maintain global liquidity, manage debt distress, tackle climate change, and end the pandemic are essential.

International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Abstract

The war in Ukraine has triggered a costly humanitarian crisis that demands a peaceful resolution. At the same time, economic damage from the conflict will contribute to a significant slowdown in global growth in 2022 and add to inflation. Fuel and food prices have increased rapidly, hitting vulnerable populations in low-income countries hardest. Global growth is projected to slow from an estimated 6.1 percent in 2021 to 3.6 percent in 2022 and 2023. This is 0.8 and 0.2 percentage points lower for 2022 and 2023 than projected in January. Beyond 2023, global growth is forecast to decline to about 3.3 percent over the medium term. War-induced commodity price increases and broadening price pressures have led to 2022 inflation projections of 5.7 percent in advanced economies and 8.7 percent in emerging market and developing economies—1.8 and 2.8 percentage points higher than projected last January. Multilateral efforts to respond to the humanitarian crisis, prevent further economic fragmentation, maintain global liquidity, manage debt distress, tackle climate change, and end the pandemic are essential.