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Celine Thevenot and Sébastien Walker
Government compensation-setting should be informed by the monitoring of trends in recruitment and retention and benchmarking against the private sector. Unduly high compensation is an inefficient use of resources, while insufficient compensation can hinder efforts to recruit, retain, and motivate the workforce needed to deliver adequate public services. Analyzing these factors at a granular level, for example, by occupation or position, can help to identify specific challenges.
Brad J. McDonald, Michele Ruta, and Elizabeth Van Heuvelen
With the use and complexity of industrial policy rising, along with the need for active policies to address climate, food, health, and other emergencies, IMF staff are often expected to provide policy and technical advice on trade-related industrial policies to national authorities. This note aims to support country teams with staff guidance, useful questions for engagement with national authorities, and resources on trade related aspects of industrial policies.
Shafik Hebous, Alexander D Klemm, Geerten Michielse, and Carolina Osorio Buitron
Tackling income and wealth inequality is at the top of the policy agenda in many countries. This note discusses three approaches of wealth taxation, based on (1) returns with a capital income tax, (2) stocks with a wealth tax, and (3) transfers of wealth through an inheritance (or estate) tax. Taxing actual returns is generally less distortive and more equitable than a wealth tax. Hence, rather than introducing wealth taxes, reform priorities should focus on strengthening the design of capital income taxes (notably capital gains) and closing existing loopholes, while harnessing technological advances in tax administration—including cross-border information sharing—to foster tax compliance. The inheritance tax is important to address the buildup of dynastic wealth.
Piergiorgio M Carapella, Ms. Tewodaj Mogues, Julieth C Pico-Mejia, and Mauricio Soto
This note provides a technical overview and description of the 3rd edition of the IMF SDG costing tool that estimates the additional spending needs to achieve a strong performance in selected SDGs for human capital development (health and education) and physical capital development (infrastructure), in particular, water and sanitation, electricity, and roads. The 3rd edition includes data and methodological updates to, but generally remains faithful to the