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International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department
This note analyzes select aspects of the system for insolvency and creditors’ rights in the context of an overall assessment of the Irish financial sector. It focuses on two areas: (i) the use and effectiveness of the corporate restructuring regime (examinership) and (ii) the resolution of mortgage related NPLs. Corporate restructuring was considered particularly relevant given that the authorities are currently in the process of amending their insolvency system to incorporate the provisions of the European Directive on Preventive Restructuring Procedures (the “EU Directive”) and have recently adopted a new debt resolution regime for small and micro-sized enterprises. The mission team also focused on the resolution of mortgage related NPLs, given that they constitute 46 percent of all NPLs (total loans) in the retail banking system and pose a challenge to the effectiveness of the overall system for debt resolution and creditors’ rights. This analysis has been conducted against the international insolvency standard (the “Standard”), where relevant.2
International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department
Cybersecurity risk continues to grow both in complexity and severity and is a function of an increasingly open and interconnected cyber and financial ecosystem. The South African financial system has a long history of incorporating technology and as for many financial systems across the globe, digitalization has become a strategic priority. For risk management to keep pace with the dynamic nature of cyber threats and threat agents, systemically important financial institutions (SIFIs) have made substantial investments in cyber resilience programs (e.g., establishing cyber strategies, frameworks, and governance structures). Consistent with many jurisdictions, and partly a result of widespread remote working arrangements implemented in response to the global pandemic, cybersecurity threats to financial stability increased. However, high standards of risk management meant threats did not materialize into significant losses and/or disruptions.