International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.
This 2018 Article IV Consultation highlights that the GDP growth in St. Lucia reached 3 percent in 2017, sustained by robust activity in several sectors. Favorable external conditions, coupled with hotel expansions and the addition of new flights, generated a strong recovery in tourism, with stay-over arrivals rising by 11 percent, the fastest growth in the Caribbean. Backed by strong tourism inflows, the current account balance strengthened. Unemployment declined from 21.3 percent in 2016 to 20.2 percent in 2017, but youth unemployment remains high at 38.5 percent and labor force participation has fallen. The short-term outlook is favorable, but prospects beyond that are sobering. GDP growth is expected to remain buoyant in the near term.
This Selected Issues paper examines the new private pension automatic enrollment provisions in Turkey. The newly enacted automatic enrollment provisions have several advantages relative to the current voluntary private pension system. However, they have several weaknesses that risk endangering the reform in the long term. The hybrid input-output is not complete without the establishment of a public procurement board and periodic auctioning of pension services. Employers are unlikely to be more skilled than individuals in choosing pension plans for their workers. The IMF staff advice is to complete the hybrid input-output model along the lines recommended by the World Bank by establishing a procurement board for pension services for undecided participants.
This paper is an account of Seychelles’ monetary efforts to establish its position in 2012. After the recovery in 2008, the country had solid growth through 2011. The important threat was external risks, which could lower tourist inflows, and piracy. Alternatively, the authorities were vigilant, and organized the state by strengthening state enterprises, introducing new reforms to eradicate obstacles to the private sector, and the increasing bills for monetary purposes. The Executive Board acknowledges that these policies enhanced a positive outlook for the country.
deterioration of economic conditions in Europe . Increased piracy threats could also lower touristinflows. Under an extreme downside scenario, a decrease in tourism arrivals by 10 percent in 2012 (13.5 percentage points lower than in the baseline) would reduce GDP growth to close to zero percent, worsen the overall balance of payments by 1.8 percent of GDP, and the primary fiscal surplus by 1.3 percent of GDP. The probability of such a scenario is small, however. Over the past two years tourism flows have shown a strong resilience to the economic slowdown in Europe