This paper investigates the asymmetries in trade spillovers from sector-specific technology shocks in China to selected euro area countries. We use a Ricardian-gravity trade model to estimate sectoral competitiveness in individual euro area countries. Simulations on the impact of productivity shocks in Chinese textiles and machinery suggest that the required adjustment in wages, prices, and factor re-allocation is widely heterogenous across euro area countries on accounts of their different specialization patterns. This raises the question of the distribution of gains and losses from external trade shocks.
This paper presents Haiti’s Sixth Review under the Extended Credit Facility and request for Waiver of Performance Criterion, and Augmentation of Access. Manufacturing activity would be hit the most, as the largest enterprises, including the important export textile sector, have been located in the Port-au-Prince area. The destruction of government and private buildings is also estimated to result in a sharp drop in government services, commerce, and tourism. Agriculture, the main growth driver, would be affected owing to widespread damages to the production systems in and around the earthquake area.
The January 2010 earthquake represented a major setback for Haiti, after several years of improved economic performance. Executive Directors commended the authorities for quickly restoring basic government functions and maintaining sound policies during the crisis. Directors welcomed the National Action Plan for Recovery and Development and also the Partial Credit Guarantee scheme. They also stressed the need to strengthen revenue administration, monetary framework, and tax policy reforms. Directors agreed that Haiti met the eligibility and qualification criteria for debt stock relief under the Post-Catastrophe Debt Relief (PCDR) Trust Fund.
are estimated at 1.7, 1.5, and 1.3 percent respectively, against less than 1 percent in Portugal, Greece and Belgium.
Euro area job losses are estimated at 2 ½ and 2.9 percent of manufacturing employment in, respectively, textiles and machinery. By countries, job losses in textiles range from 7½ percent of manufacturing employment in Portugal to 1.2 percent in Germany; and from 4.7 percent of manufacturing employment in Finland to 1 ½ percent in Greece in machinery. In most countries, textiles’ share in total manufacturing is almost half of its pre-shock level. In