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Ms. Mercedes Garcia-Escribano, Ms. Tewodaj Mogues, Marian Moszoro, and Mauricio Soto
South Asia has experienced significant progress in improving human and physical capital over the past few decades. Within the region, India has become a global economic powerhouse with enormous development potential ahead. To foster human and economic development, India has shown a strong commitment to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) Agenda. This paper focuses on the medium-term development challenges that South Asia, and in particular India, faces to ensure substantial progress along the SDGs by 2030. We estimate the additional spending needed in critical areas of human capital (health and education) and physical capital (water and sanitation, electricity, and roads). We document progress on these five sectors for India relative to other South Asian countries and discuss implications for policy and reform.
Delphine Prady and Mouhamadou Sy

This paper documents the additional spending that is required for sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) to achieve meaningful progress in SDGs by 2030. Benin and Rwanda are presented in detail through case studies. The main lessons are: i) average additional spending across SSA is significant, at 19 percent of GDP in 2030; ii) countries must prioritize their development objectives according to their capacity to deliver satisfactory outcomes, iii) financing strategies should articulate multiple sources given the scale of additional spending, and iv) strong national ownership of SDGs is key and should be reflected in long-term development plans and medium-term policy commitments.

Ms. Mercedes Garcia-Escribano, Ms. Tewodaj Mogues, Marian Moszoro, and Mauricio Soto

, Karthik , Jishnu Das , Alaka Holla , and Aakash Mohpal , 2017 , “ The Fiscal Cost of Weak Governance: Evidence from Teacher Absence in India ”, Journal of Public Economics , Vol. 145 , pp. 116 – 35 . National Statistics Office (NSO) , 2019 , “ Key Indicators of Household Social Consumption on Education in India ”, NSO 75 th Round, Ministry of Statistics and Program Implementation, New Delhi . Prady , Delphine and Mouhamadou Sy , 2019 , “ The Spending Challenge for Reaching the SDGs in Sub-Saharan Africa: Lessons Learned from Benin

Delphine Prady and Mouhamadou Sy
This paper documents the additional spending that is required for sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) to achieve meaningful progress in SDGs by 2030. Benin and Rwanda are presented in detail through case studies. The main lessons are: i) average additional spending across SSA is significant, at 19 percent of GDP in 2030; ii) countries must prioritize their development objectives according to their capacity to deliver satisfactory outcomes, iii) financing strategies should articulate multiple sources given the scale of additional spending, and iv) strong national ownership of SDGs is key and should be reflected in long-term development plans and medium-term policy commitments.
Delphine Prady and Mouhamadou Sy

Front Matter Page IMF Working Paper WP/19/270 The Spending Challenge for Reaching the SDGs in Sub-Saharan Africa: Lessons Learned from Benin and Rwanda by Delphine Prady and Mouhamadou Sy INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND Front Matter Page © 2019 International Monetary Fund WP/19/270 IMF Working Paper Fiscal Affairs Department The Spending Challenge for Reaching the SDGs in Sub-Saharan Africa: Lessons Learned from Benin and Rwanda 1 Prepared by Delphine Prady and Mouhamadou Sy Authorized for distribution by David