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International Monetary Fund

Abstract

This paper describes developments in multilateral official debt renegotiations over the 18 months through December 1987. The most important new departure in multilateral official debt renegotiations was the adaptation of policies by Paris Club creditors in response to the protracted problems of the poorest and most heavily indebted countries at the same time that other initiatives were launched for low-income countries, including the proposal for enhancement of the IMF’s structural adjustment facility. Official creditors have generally preserved concessional interest rates in the restructuring of official development assistance (ODA) loans; moreover, for the poorest debtors, some creditors have converted such loans into grants. The question of interest concessions on other categories of debts rescheduled by the Paris Club was raised, inter alia, by the Venice summit but no consensus exists among creditors for changing the current practice. By regularly excluding short-term debt from reschedulings, debtors and creditors have also frequently succeeded in protecting the flow of short-term trade financing, which is often vital to the financing of an IMF-supported program.

International Monetary Fund
This 2005 Article IV Consultation highlights that despite a difficult political environment, economic growth in Ecuador is estimated to have exceeded 3 percent in 2005, with the non-oil sector expanding by 3½ percent. The strong growth in the oil sector that followed the completion of the new oil pipeline in 2003 has tapered off, but high oil prices have helped bolster confidence and underpin domestic demand. The external current account deficit is estimated to have remained unchanged at about 1 percent of GDP.
International Monetary Fund
This paper presents background issues and a statistical update on Chad. The paper highlights that by mid-1994, it became evident that major slippages had taken place under the economic adjustment program adopted by the authorities earlier in the year. As a result, the authorities examined the nature of the problems of program implementation and monitoring. The examination concluded that ownership of the program had been lacking, the objectives of the program had not been properly explained both within and outside government, and preparation and supervision of the required policy measures needed clearer and firmer guidance.
International Monetary Fund
In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discussions with government officials, is published at the option of the member country.
International Monetary Fund
Gold mining represents an engine of growth for the Malian economy. A description of the techniques and importance of artisanal gold mining in Mali, the key developments of the industrial mining era, and potential gold mining developments are discussed in the paper. The Malian mining policy and regulations, the impact of industrial gold mining on the Malian economy, public finances, and employment are discussed. The statistical data on the economic indices of Mali are also presented in the paper.
International Monetary Fund
In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discussions with government officials, is published at the option of the member country.
International Monetary Fund
Output growth, inflation, and the external current account balance are the major economic developments discussed in this study. The macroeconomic framework was modified to reflect recent information. The reforms in the banking system are helpful in completing the process of dealing with the failed banks. The authorities are contacting international financial experts to manage the debt reductions. Finally, the central government will need to be vigilant in implementing its challenging financing program. The program contains several prior actions to complete the first review.
International Monetary Fund
This Selected Issues paper and Statistical Appendix briefly surveys the progress achieved by Mali in the area of economic adjustment in the decade since 1988. This is followed by a discussion of the principal areas where the Malian government is considering the implementation of new reforms in the period ahead. The paper analyzes the financial sector in Mali. It highlights that in the late 1980s, the financial sector, in particular the banking system, faced a major liquidity and solvency crisis characterized by a high level of nonperforming loans.