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John S. Smith

THE RELIABILITY of balance of payments statements is a subject of concern to both the compilers and the users of these statistics. Although the figures could be expected to be about as accurate as the general run of economic data, 1 the topic frequently comes under discussion for at least three main reasons: (1) Some of the most critical relationships to be observed from a balance of payments statement depend on net changes that are very small in relation to the gross magnitudes of the stocks or flows involved. For example, a U.S. deficit, say of $1

International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Abstract

This report constitutes the annual report of the IMF Committee on Balance of Payments Statistics (Committee). The Committee, which held its annual meeting at the European Central Bank (ECB) in Frankfurt, Germany, in October 2006, was established in 1992 to improve the availability, consistency, and reliability of balance of payments and international investment position statistics worldwide. This annual report provides an overview of recent trends in balance of payments and international investment position statistics, discusses the Committee’s work program during 2006, and reviews the issues the Committee plans to address in the coming year.

International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Abstract

This report constitutes the annual report of the IMF Committee on Balance of Payments Statistics (Committee). The Committee, which held its annual meeting at the European Central Bank (ECB) in Frankfurt, Germany, in October 2007, was established in 1992 to improve the availability, consistency, and reliability of balance of payments and international investment position statistics worldwide. This annual report provides an overview of recent trends in balance of payments and international investment position statistics, discusses the Committee’s work program during 2007, and reviews the issues the Committee plans to address in the coming year.

International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Abstract

This report constitutes the annual report of the IMF Committee on Balance of Payments Statistics (Committee). The Committee, which held its annual meeting at the European Central Bank (ECB) in Frankfurt, Germany, in October 2008, was established in 1992 to improve the availability, consistency, and reliability of balance of payments and international investment position statistics worldwide. This annual report provides an overview of recent trends in balance of payments and international investment position statistics, discusses the Committee’s work program during 2008, and reviews the issues the Committee plans to address in the coming year.

International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Abstract

The 2013 Annual Report of the IMF Committee on Balance of Payments Statistics (Committee) provides an overview of recent trends and discrepancies in global balance of payments statistics, and summarizes the Committee’s work program during 2013 andthe issues the Committee plans to address in the coming year.

International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Abstract

The 2014 Annual Report of the IMF Committee on Balance of Payments Statistics (Committee) provides an overview of recent trends and discrepancies in global balance of payments statistics, and summarizes the Committee’s work program during 2014 and the issues the Committee plans to address in the coming year.

International Monetary Fund

, including the Fund. General government statistics are not available Monetary statistics : Data provision is broadly satisfactory for surveillance purposes. In mid-2007, the BEAC started a project to migrate monetary statistics of CEMAC member countries to the methodology in the Monetary and Financial Statistics Manual (2000) . Balance of payments statistics : Key shortcomings affect the accuracy and reliability of balance of payments estimates and relate to source data and the need maintain an up-to-date business register for surveys (list of respondents

International Monetary Fund

Cross-Sectoral Data Consistency Working Group in its final report of July 2011 following completion of a project on assessing STA data consistency. 3 BOPCOM was established by the IMF’s Executive Board in 1992 to improve the availability, consistency, and reliability of balance of payments and international investment position statistics worldwide and foster greater coordination of data collection among countries. 4 In the context of the DGI, STA is leading a working group on developing Sectoral and Other Financial and Economic Datasets (Recommendation #15

Mrs. Carol S Carson and Ms. Lucie Laliberté
Both national accounts and balance of payments are based on multiple, complex source data and typically undergo several routine revisions as more and better source data are incorporated into the final estimates. As a result, neither dataset can be subjected directly to the usual statistical measures of sampling biases, variances, and other measurement error properties. In this context, this note, which is addressed to those interested in these datasets and others, explores four approaches that shed light on the accuracy and reliability of these datasets: examination of statistical discrepancies, comparison with other data, analysis of revisions, and judgmental evaluation.
Mrs. Carol S Carson and Ms. Lucie Laliberté

the United Kingdom, it was adopted for the DQAF for consistency with that considerable body of literature. 4 The DQAF comprises a generic framework, which is applicable to all datasets, and a set of specific frameworks that provide more detail and concreteness tailored to the dataset in question. 5 Much of what is said about assessing accuracy and reliability of balance of payments may also apply to international investment position statistics. 6 Another approach, which may be seen as a variant of time series analysis, has not been included. For