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integrated. These opportunities are successfully leveraged by sub-Saharan Africa, creating an emerging vibrant middle class. However, in a gig economy, frequent job transitions and income fluctuations are the norm. In the Africa for Africa scenario, advanced economies turn to protectionist policies demanded by technology-displaced workers. Sub-Saharan Africa charts its own course toward regional integration, which spurs growth. Low labor costs mean that automation proceeds much more slowly in sub-Saharan Africa than in the rest of the world. With limited tax revenue

Mr. Stephan Danninger
Since the global financial crisis, US wage growth has been sluggish. Drawing on individual earnings data from the 2000–15 Current Population Survey, I find that the drawn-out cyclical labor market repair—likely owing to low entry wages of new workers—slowed down real wage growth. There are, however, also signs of structural changes in the labor market affecting wages: for full-time, full-employed workers, the Wage-Phillips curve—the empirical relationship between wage growth and the unemployment rate—has become horizontal after 2008. Similarly, job-turnover rates have continued to decline. Job-to-job transitions—associated with higher wage growth—have slowed across all skill and age groups and beyond what local labor market conditions would imply. This raises concerns about the allocative ability of the labor market to adjust to changing economic conditions.