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International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.
This Selected Issues paper estimates Ecuador’s potential growth in the range of 1 3/4 to 3 percent. The lower estimate corresponds to an extrapolation of recent trends while the higher estimate could be achievable through the implementation of a reform agenda that addresses fiscal and competitiveness challenges of Ecuador. The paper also develops models to nowcast and forecast GDP to improve the accuracy of growth projections. The oil sector remains an important driver of economic activity; however, it is not as important as it once was. A simple growth accounting exercise is used to decompose Ecuador’s growth between production factors accumulation; capital and labor, and total factor productivity. The study shows that low total factor productivity is the reason behind Ecuador’s recent economic decline and has been a negative contributor to long-term growth. The paper also explores different vector autoregression models to identify the best one to forecast real GDP in Ecuador.
International Monetary Fund
Belarus was experiencing an economic crisis after the expiration of a Stand-By Arrangement in March 2010. Its policies were loosened significantly, and consequently the account deficit increased and pressure on reserves intensified. The authorities agreed with the Eurasian Economic Community’s Anti-Crisis Fund (ACF), which announced measures including tightening of macroeconomic policies and structural reforms. Executive Directors urged the authorities to restore external stability through further fiscal and monetary policy tightening. Directors stressed that the financial support will require demonstrated commitment to strong policies and structural reforms.
International Monetary Fund. European Dept.
This paper discusses Bosnia and Herzegovina’s Third Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement and Request for Waiver of Applicability of a Performance Criterion. Financial sector indicators through end-March 2013 suggest that the banking system remains profitable and adequately capitalized at the aggregate level. Foreign parent banks’ exposure to their Bongani Investments Holdings subsidiaries has broadly stabilized over the last several quarters. Industrial production and exports rose markedly in the first quarter of 2013 compared to the same period last year. It is found that while this reflected to a large extent a much milder winter, higher water levels that boosted electricity production, and exports, prospects for a modest economic recovery this year of approximately ½ percent have improved.
International Monetary Fund
This paper seeks Board approval of a phased migration strategy for implementing the GFSM 2001 as the standard for Fund fiscal data. The financial crisis has underscored the need for better and more comparable fiscal data, including on government assets and liabilities. In 2005, the Board endorsed the Government Finance Statistics Manual 2001 (GFSM 2001) and asked staff to propose a migration strategy for the Fund, based on lessons to be drawn from conducting pilot studies. The pilot studies and other tests confirmed that some aspects of the GFSM 2001 methodology (primarily relating to presentation) can be implemented by staff with relatively modest resource needs, while other aspects can proceed meaningfully only after member countries have made sufficient progress in their own fiscal reporting—including in detailed balance sheet breakdowns, and in strengthening underlying accounting systems.
International Monetary Fund

This paper seeks Board approval of a phased migration strategy for implementing the GFSM 2001 as the standard for Fund fiscal data. The financial crisis has underscored the need for better and more comparable fiscal data, including on government assets and liabilities. In 2005, the Board endorsed the Government Finance Statistics Manual 2001 (GFSM 2001) and asked staff to propose a migration strategy for the Fund, based on lessons to be drawn from conducting pilot studies. The pilot studies and other tests confirmed that some aspects of the GFSM 2001 methodology (primarily relating to presentation) can be implemented by staff with relatively modest resource needs, while other aspects can proceed meaningfully only after member countries have made sufficient progress in their own fiscal reporting—including in detailed balance sheet breakdowns, and in strengthening underlying accounting systems.

International Monetary Fund
International Monetary Fund. European Dept.
International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Abstract

2.1 This chapter elaborates on the data coverage, periodicity, and timeliness requirements for the additional SDDS Plus data category under the real sector. Sectoral balance sheet data for financial assets and liabilities are prescribed for dissemination to enhance understanding of financial linkages across sectors.

International Monetary Fund

Belarus was experiencing an economic crisis after the expiration of a Stand-By Arrangement in March 2010. Its policies were loosened significantly, and consequently the account deficit increased and pressure on reserves intensified. The authorities agreed with the Eurasian Economic Community’s Anti-Crisis Fund (ACF), which announced measures including tightening of macroeconomic policies and structural reforms. Executive Directors urged the authorities to restore external stability through further fiscal and monetary policy tightening. Directors stressed that the financial support will require demonstrated commitment to strong policies and structural reforms.