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Rasmané Ouedraogo and Mr. Amadou N Sy
This paper studies the effect of digitalization on the perception of corruption and trust in tax officials in Africa. Using individual-level data from Afrobarometer surveys and several indices of digitalization, we find that an increase in digital adoption is associated with a reduction in the perception of corruption and an increase in trust in tax officials. Exploiting the exogeneous deployment of submarine cables at the local level, the paper provides evidence of a negative impact of the use of Internet on the perception of corruption. Yet, the paper shows that the dampening effect of digitalization on corruption is hindered in countries where the government has a pattern of intentionally shutting down the Internet, while countries that successfully promote information and communication technology (ICT) enjoy a more amplified effect.
Rasmané Ouedraogo and Mr. Amadou N Sy

Yes Yes Ethnicity fixed effects Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Religion fixed effects Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Standard errors in parentheses. *** p<0.01, ** p<0.05, * p<0.1 V. Internet Shutdowns and Government Success in ICT Promotion A. Internet shutdowns In this section, we explore whether government shutdowns of internet can alter the impact of digitalization on corruption. An Internet shutdown is an intentional disruption of internet-based communications, rendering

Rasmané Ouedraogo

’ calculations. Internet Shutdowns and Government Success in the Promotion of ICT This section explores whether the effects of digitalization on corruption perception depends on Internet shutdowns and the successful promotion of ICT by the government. Internet Shutdowns An internet shutdown is an intentional disruption of internet-based communications, rendering them inaccessible or effectively unavailable, for a specific population, location, or mode of access, often to exert control over the flow of information. The intentional use of internet blackouts as