Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 106 items for :

  • "incidence of long-term unemployment" x
Clear All
Mrs. Nujin Suphaphiphat and Hiroaki Miyamoto

Section I: Introduction 1. While the labor market situation improved alongside the economic recovery since 2014 through 2019, the incidence of long-term unemployment (LTU) remained high in the European Union . The unemployment rate in the European Union (EU) increased significantly during the global financial crisis (GFC), peaked in 2013, and then fell considerably to the level below the pre-GFC period at about 6 percent in 2019. However, the incidence of LTU, the share of people who have been unemployed for more than one year to the total unemployed

Mrs. Nujin Suphaphiphat and Hiroaki Miyamoto
While unemployment rates in Europe declined after the global financial crisis until 2018/19, the incidence of long-term unemployment, the share of people who have been unemployed for more than one year to the total unemployed, remained high. Moreover, the COVID-19 pandemic could aggravate the long-term unemployment. This paper explores factors associated with long-term unemployment in European countries, using panel of 25 European countries over the period 2000–18. We find that skill mismatches, labor market matching efficiency, and labor market policies are associated with the incidence of long-term unemployment. Among different types of active labor market policies, training and start-up incentives are found to be effective in reducing long-term unemployment.
Mr. Reza Moghadam
The characteristics of the Belgian labor market are examined using international comparisons in order to assess the government’s recent labor market initiatives. The labor market in Belgium is found to suffer from a number of structural problems compared to other industrial countries: the non-employment rate is very high, there are large regional disparities in unemployment, female and youth unemployment are prevalent and there is an unusually pronounced incidence of long-term unemployment. The causes of these problems are investigated. The empirical results, using cross section data from 15 industrial countries, show that the generosity of long-term unemployment benefits helps to explain the prevalence of long-term unemployment. Unemployment compensation also appears to be paid to many who are not actively seeking work. The recent labor market initiatives in Belgium will help to ameliorate some of the underlying problems but they are unlikely to completely address the underlying structural problems.
Mr. Reza Moghadam

Belgium is the problem of long-term unemployment. This becomes especially apparent when compared to other industrial countries. Chart 10 depicts the long-term unemployed as a proportion of the total in a number of industrial countries. Belgium suffers from the highest incidence of long-term unemployment among women and the second highest among men when compared to the other OECD countries. This situation has persisted for much of the last decade. A disturbing feature of long-term unemployment in Belgium is that of those who have been unemployed for more than one year

Mrs. Nujin Suphaphiphat and Hiroaki Miyamoto

Front Matter Page European Department Contents ABSTRACT SECTION I: INTRODUCTION SECTION II: LONG-TERM UNEMPLOYMENT IN EUROPE Long-term Unemployment Rate Incidence of Long-term Unemployment Impact of long-term unemployment SECTION III: EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS Methodology and Data Main Findings Robustness SECTION IV: UNDERSTANDING THE POTENTIAL DRIVERS OF LTU Labor market policy interventions: what, how, and which ones? Skill mismatches: closing the digital skills gap Labor market matching efficiency: the role of public

International Monetary Fund

-97 11. Unemployment in Selected OECD Countries, Baltic Countries, and Bulgaria, 1987-99 12. Incidence of Long-Term Unemployment in Selected OECD Countries, Baltic Countries, and Bulgaria, 1999 13a. Bulgaria: Labor Market Survey Results, 1993-2000 13b. Estonia: Labor Market Survey Results, 1990-99 13c. Latvia: Labor Market Survey Results, 1995-99 13d. Lithuania: Labor Market Survey Results, 1995-2000 14. Bulgaria: Output Per Worker by Sector, 1990-99 15. Estonia: Output Per Worker by Sector, 1990-99 16. Latvia: Output Per Worker by Sector, 1990-99 17