Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 38 items for :

  • "headline inflation inflation rate" x
Clear All
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
La inflación, Programa de trabajo del FMI, El precio de las materias primas, Impacto en África, Qué empuja el petróleo al alza, Reunión petrolera de Yeddah, Entrevista sobre Haití, El fondo soberano de Noruega, México, La política monetaria de Suiza, Mauricio, Notas breves
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
L'inflation, Programme du FMI, Envolée des prix des produits de base, impact sur les économies africaines, Causes de la flambée du pétrole, Réunion de Djeddah sur le pétrole, Haïti, Fonds souverain norvégien, Mexique, Suisse: politique monétaire, Maurice, l'actualité en bref
International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept
This Selected Issues paper examines the degree to which inflation co-moves between India and a panel of countries in Asia. The paper shows that the considerable co-movement in headline inflation rates between India and Nepal is driven almost exclusively by food-inflation co-movement. By contrast, the role for inflation spillovers emanating from India in driving non-food inflation in Nepal appears limited. The implication is that Nepal should rely on domestic monetary policy rather than stable inflation in India to achieve stable domestic inflation. The main takeaway from the results is that food inflation co-movement between India and other countries is higher in cases where the co-movement in rainfall deviations from seasonal norms is highest. Since core inflation co-movement is weak, idiosyncratic domestic factors such as economic slack, exchange-rate movements, and differing degrees of passthrough from food- and energy-price shocks play an important role. This finding is critically important for monetary policy, especially since domestic policy is primarily effective only in controlling core inflation. Thus, domestic monetary policy needs to be calibrated to domestic inflationary pressures—Nepal cannot necessarily rely on stable inflation in India to achieve stable domestic inflation.
Mr. Serhan Cevik
The post-pandemic rise in consumer prices across the world has renewed interest in inflation dynamics after decades of global disinflation. This paper provides a spatial investigation of inflation synchronicity at the city level in Lithuania using disaggregated monthly data during the period 2000–2021. The empirical analysis provides strong evidence that (i) the co-movement of city-level inflation rates—estimated using the instantaneous quasi-correlation approach—is significantly weaker than the extent of synchronization suggested by the simple correlation analysis; (ii) there is substantial heterogeneity in the instantaneous quasi-correlation of inflation subcomponents between city pairs; and (iii) there are significant changes in the degree of city-level synchronization over time, reflecting important economic developments in history such as the global financial crisis, the adoption of euro, and the COVID-19 pandemic.
International Monetary Fund
The staff report for the 2005 Article IV Consultation on the Republic of Estonia focuses on the economic outlook and risks. Robust economic growth continues, largely driven by domestic demand. Estonia has achieved significant nominal convergence; meeting all of the Maastricht criteria, save for inflation. Estonia’s banking system remains financially sound, with strong profitability continuing despite increased competition. It is important for Estonia to maintain the high degree of market flexibility that has been achieved.
International Monetary Fund
Romania’s 2004 Article IV Consultation and Request for Stand-By Arrangement (SBA) are discussed. The authorities have requested a new precautionary 24-month SBA to secure macroeconomic stabilization and keep European Union accession on track. Romania has preserved competitiveness, despite the slowdown in depreciation and recently strong domestic demand. Exports remained the strongest component of aggregate demand and Romania continued to increase market share in its main trading partners. An exchange-rate-based monetary policy has been successful in accomplishing disinflation but has faced challenges in containing credit growth.
International Monetary Fund
The euro area continues to perform well, owing to its sustained employment creation, rising disposable income, buoyant internal demand, and low inflation. Executive Directors agreed that favorable external developments and sound macroeconomic fundamentals had produced robust area-wide growth. They cautioned that high oil prices and a weak euro might undermine prevailing wage moderation and set in motion domestic inflation pressures. They emphasized the need to tighten monetary and fiscal policies, and accelerate structural reforms to sustain economic growth.
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
Inflation, IMF work agenda, Food and fuel prices, Commodity price surge, Oil price surge, Jeddah meeting, Haiti interview, Norway's sovereign wealth fund, Mexico, Switzerland's monetary policy, Mauritius, News briefs.