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Mr. Sanjeev Gupta, Mr. Alex Segura-Ubiergo, and Enrique Flores

Front Matter Page Fiscal Affairs Department Contents EXECUTIVE SUMMARY INTRODUCTION THE CASE FOR DIRECT REDISTRIBUTION INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCE WITH DIRECT DISTRIBUTION MECHANISMS AN ASSESSMENT CONCLUSIONS Boxes 1. How Large Could Direct Distribution Mechanisms Be? 2. The Behavioral Economics of Taxes and Direct Distribution Mechanisms 3. The Dividend Distribution in Alaska 4. Are Resource-Rich Governments Bloated or Starved? REFERENCES Executive Summary Some scholars have argued that direct distribution of

Mr. Sanjeev Gupta, Mr. Alex Segura-Ubiergo, and Enrique Flores
Algunos académicos han sostenido que la distribución directa a la población de ingresos públicos provenientes de recursos naturales ayudaría a los países ricos en recursos naturales a escapar de la “maldición de los recursos naturales”. Este documento analiza si esta propuesta constituye una alternativa política viable para países ricos en recursos naturales. La primera prioridad para los responsables de la formulación de políticas en los países ricos en materias primas consiste en establecer los objetivos de política fiscal para promover la estabilidad macroeconómica y el desarrollo de las economías. En este sentido, el establecimiento de un marco fiscal adecuado que aporte información para tomar decisiones sobre cuánto ahorrar y cuánto invertir, cómo atenuar la volatilidad de los ingresos públicos, y cómo abordar los problemas relacionados con el agotamiento de los recursos naturales debe preceder cualquier análisis sobre distribución directa de recursos a la población.
Mr. Sanjeev Gupta, Mr. Alex Segura-Ubiergo, and Enrique Flores

shown that more sophisticated electronic transfers could help reduce risks at the delivery stage, it has also demonstrated the need for significant administrative efforts to achieve the DDM’s objectives . Box 4. Are Resource-Rich Governments Bloated or Starved? The size of governments in resource-rich countries does not seem to be out of line with other countries . Our sample of 35 countries shows that total expenditures to GDP averaged 28 percent during 2000-13, which is broadly similar to that of emerging market countries. In our sample, there are countries

Mr. Sanjeev Gupta, Mr. Alex Segura-Ubiergo, and Enrique Flores
Some scholars have argued that direct distribution of natural resource revenues to the population would help resource-rich countries escape the “resource curse.” This discussion note analyzes whether this proposal is a viable policy alternative for resource-rich countries. The first priority for policymakers is to establish fiscal policy objectives to support macroeconomic stability and development objectives. In this regard, the establishment of an adequate fiscal framework that informs decisions on how much to save and invest, or how to smooth out revenue volatility, and deal with exhaustibility issues should precede any discussion of direct distribution of resource wealth to the population.