Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 3 of 3 items for :

  • "food aid allocation" x
Clear All
Mr. Erwin H Tiongson, Mr. Benedict J. Clements, and Mr. Sanjeev Gupta
Global food aid is considered a critical consumption smoothing mechanism in many countries. However, its record of stabilizing consumption has been mixed. This paper examines the cyclical properties of food aid with respect to food availability in recipient countries, with a view to assessing its impact on consumption in some 150 developing countries and transition economies, covering 1970 to 2000. The results show that global food aid has been allocated to countries most in need. Food aid has also been countercyclical within countries with the greatest need. However, for most countries, food aid is not countercyclical. The amount of food aid provided is also insufficient to mitigate contemporaneous shortfalls in consumption. The results are robust to various specifications and filtering techniques and have important implications for macroeconomic and fiscal management.
Mr. Erwin H Tiongson, Mr. Benedict J. Clements, and Mr. Sanjeev Gupta

production. 10 Shapouri and Missiaen (1990) , using 1975 and 1985 data on bilateral and multilateral aid flows, find that food aid allocation is based not only on donors’ trade and political interests but on recipients’ economic conditions as well, as measured by food production growth, food self-sufficiency, and other variables. In contrast, Diven (2001) estimates that over a 35-year period, U.S. food aid is not significantly correlated with food production in recipient countries. Similarly, Barrett (2001) notes that the distribution of U.S. food aid is only weakly

Mr. Sanjeev Gupta

− PROD ). First, control for lagged food aid may be required because a number of studies note that food aid flows are persistent. In particular, Diven (2001) finds a strong incremental trend in food aid “programming,” where policymakers appear to use shipments from the previous year as a starting point for marginal adjustments. Evidence from micro data confirms some spatial inertia in food aid allocations as well, which means that food aid allocation to certain regions persist ( Clay et al., 1996 ; and Jayne et al., 2002 ), for various reasons including