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International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
This paper reviews the population policy in developed countries. The paper highlights that despite the weakness of population concerns in most developed countries compared with less-developed countries, most of the former have taken certain actions that affect, or are thought to affect, demographic events. These actions include such measures as appointing official commissions to study the country’s demographic situation and advise the government what to do; providing birth control services as part of the public health system; and so on. This paper also summarizes the conclusions drawn by Dr. Berelson from the 25 country reports.
International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department
This technical note presents Malta’s risk analysis related aspects of financial system. A comprehensive set of stress tests and interconnectedness analyses were conducted to assess the resilience of Malta’s financial system and shed light on potential vulnerabilities, complementing the euro area Financial Sector Assessment Program. Key metrics suggest that the banking sector is in good health, but challenges exist. Banks are well-capitalized, liquidity is ample, and profitability has been healthy. The solvency stress tests indicate that the banking sector remains resilient, with vulnerabilities limited to a few small banks. The banking sector appears resilient to liquidity pressures, but some small banks are vulnerable to more severe events. The interconnectedness analysis suggests that contagion risk through interlinkages from within the Maltese financial sector is currently higher and more wide-spread than contagion risk through cross-border interbank exposures. Monitoring and conducting periodic analysis of cross-border linkages, and further enhancing the existing inter-sectoral linkages analysis, is expected to provide an early warning before contagion risks accumulate.
International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.
Colombia’s very strong policy frameworks and comprehensive policy response to the pandemic have supported the economy’s resilience. With stronger-than-expected growth last year, fiscal deficits and public debt are declining faster than anticipated, and the fiscal framework has been reactivated with a new fiscal rule and debt anchor. Further monetary policy tightening should drive inflation towards the central bank’s inflation target by mid-2024. Successful credit support measures in the financial sector are being phased out and, as discussed in the recent FSAP, financial sector supervision and regulation have been enhanced since the previous staff assessment. Overall, the authorities remain committed to maintaining their very strong policy framework as seen by steps taken to normalize policies from a crisis footing in the pandemic. Political assurances on policy continuity from the leading candidates provide a necessary safeguard for the proposed arrangement.
K. C. Zachariah and Joseph E. Gholl

in the Asian, African, and Latin American regions where poverty, poor health, and malnutrition are widespread. By the year 2000, these regions will account for between 81 and 84 per cent—whether fertility declines or not. At the same time the share of world population living in the comparative luxury of Europe and North America will decrease from 26 to between 16 and 19 per cent. 10 Most Populous Developing Countries: Increase of Population under Fast Fertility Decline Assumption Country Population in thousands % Growth 1970-2000 1970

International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

, withdrawal of 30 percent of customer deposits from the Argentinian banking system in 2001; and In 1 year , withdrawal of 57 percent of customer deposits from Northern Rock (United Kingdom) in 2007. The details of the liquidity stress test parameters for Malta–run-off, roll-off, and the market value haircut–are presented in Appendix VI . The market value decline assumption is consistent with solvency-based stress testing and referred to the haircut in LCR-based stress testing. 83. To account for uncertainty, which is an integral part of liquidity stress testing, a