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International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

. Conclusion BOX Model-Based Real Effective Exchange Rate Assessments FIGURES 1. Balance of Payment Characteristics 2000, 2005 and 2010-19 2. Results of the Equilibrium Real Exchange Rate Assessment 3. Doing Business Ranking, 2014 4. Now Niger Ranks on Doing Business Topics, 2014 5. The Main Obstacles for Doing Business NATURAL RESOURCE BOOM FOR NIGER: FROM PUBLIC INVESTMENT TO SUSTAINABLE ECONOMIC GROWTH FIGURES 1. Baseline vs. Aggressive Public Investment Plans under the Baseline Natural Resource GDP Scenario 2. Baseline vs. Aggressive Public

International Monetary Fund. African Dept.
This Selected Issues paper presents an external stability assessment on Niger. Niger’s current account balance deteriorated in 2013, mostly on account of higher food and capital goods imports. The deficit is expected to widen further in 2014–15, mainly driven by large investment in the extractive industry and basic infrastructure. The current account is projected to gradually improve from 2016 as important projects in infrastructure will come to end, the oil and mining sectors come on stream and public and private savings increase. Although aid and foreign direct investments are the main sources of external financing, external borrowing–mainly on concessional terms–has increased significantly.
International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

-loaded and resembles the pattern in the natural resource revenue. In this scenario, public investment as a percentage of GDP reaches the same peak in 6 years (one half of the time in the baseline case). Figure 1 . Niger: Baseline vs. Aggressive Public Investment Plans under the Baseline Natural Resource GDP Scenario 6. The development of the oil and mining sector presents opportunities but also risks, especially as the production of the natural resources are frequently subject to shocks . We consider two alternative scenarios of resource revenue inflows