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Ms. Dora Benedek, Mr. Edward R Gemayel, Mr. Abdelhak S Senhadji, and Alexander F. Tieman
The COVID-19 pandemic hit countries’ development agendas hard. The ensuing recession has pushed millions into extreme poverty and has shrunk government resources available for spending on achieving the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). This Staff Discussion Note assesses the current state of play on funding SDGs in five key development areas: education, health, roads, electricity, and water and sanitation, using a newly developed dynamic macroeconomic framework.
Ms. Dora Benedek, Mr. Edward R Gemayel, Abdelhak S Senhadji, and Alexander F. Tieman

play on funding SDGs in five key development areas: education, health, roads, electricity, and water and sanitation, using a newly developed dynamic macroeconomic framework. This framework permits the analysis of development strategies and their financing while imposing macroeconomic consistency. It is applied to four case studies to gauge the financial resources needed to achieve the SDG targets in these areas and offers policy options to meet these needs. Based on our case studies, which may not be fully representative, we estimate that on average the public and

Jean-Claude Milleron

’s program paper on Argentina, and I congratulate it for such an orientation. When I was with the United Nations in the mid-1990s, I set up a working group in which we focused the analysis of development strategy on such an approach. In retrospect, I have the feeling that the IMF Board did not easily accept following this type of approach. Let me conclude this first section with a respectful wish. Defining the proper conceptual references for the IEO’s assessments is not an easy task. The references must be explicit, as well as independent of fashions or dominant

Peter Bauer, Keith Marsden, Michel Lelart, Dominique Berthet, Peter Richards, Mauricio Leonor, and Sayeed Sadeq

of incentives. The major problems and policies are discussed, as well as current strategic options. Oxford University Press. Approximately 224 pages. Cloth only, US$22.50 (£10.50). Development Strategies in Semi-Industrial Economies Bela Balassa and associates This book provides an analysis of development strategies in semi-industrial economies that have established an industrial base, it endeavors to quantify the systems of incentives that are applied in six of these economies—Argentina, Colombia, Israel, Korea, Singapore, and Taiwan—and to

Kerfalle Yansane

express concern about the choice of economic policies implemented in Africa, and above all, about the way in which they have been implemented. Analysis of Development Strategies The economic strategies adopted during the first decades of independence in Africa considered industrialization to be the engine of economic growth and the key to the transformation of traditional economies, essentially because of the uncertainty over the outlook for commodity exports and the acknowledged desire to reduce dependency on imported manufactured goods. African policymakers also

International Monetary Fund

-level analysis of development strategies MAMS (Maquette for MDG Simulations) is an economywide simulation model developed at the World Bank to analyze development strategies. The model integrates a dynamic recursive computable general equilibrium model with an additional module that links specific MDG or poverty-related interventions to progress on poverty and other MDGs. This link is made possible by a disaggregation of government activities into functions related to MDG services (education, health, and water and sanitation) and infrastructure as well as a residual for

International Monetary Fund

a continued function of systematic collection of data for the EGPRSP and MDG indicators and of information about the implementation of actions and policies to provide decision-makers and stakeholders with information on the progress in the achievement of development strategy/programme objectives and the efficient use of allocated resources. 3. Evaluation is systematic and objective analysis of development strategies/programmes, aimed at identifying the relevance and the achievement of their objectives, their efficiency, effectiveness, impact and sustainability

International Monetary Fund
This paper reviews the Poverty Reduction Strategy Annual Evaluation Report 2005 for Moldova. Economic growth and income redistribution policies promoted in the context of Economic Growth and Poverty Reduction Strategy (EGPRS) implementation contributed to higher incomes and improved access of population to social services, which led to higher living standards and poverty reduction in Moldova. During 2002–04, poverty rates decreased by 14.5 percentage points. By 2004, only 26.5 percent of the population of Moldova was poor. The most essential decrease took place in 2002–03.
International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.
This paper presents a snapshot of changes in the world’s health and demographic conditions. The paper highlights that in most parts of the world, individuals are healthier and living longer, thanks to improved health services and living conditions and the more widespread use of immunization, antibiotics, and better contraceptives. Although this trend is likely to continue, hopes are fading in some regions where progress slowed or stopped in the 1990s, primarily as a result of the AIDS epidemic. Moreover, most regions of the developing world will not reach the Millennium Development Goals for health by 2015.