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International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.
This paper discusses Morocco’s Third Review Under the Arrangement Under the Precautionary and Liquidity Line (PLL). Morocco’s economic fundamentals and policy frameworks are sound, the country is implementing generally sound policies, and remains committed to maintaining such policies in the future. End-September 2017 quantitative indicative targets on the fiscal deficit and international reserves were met. The authorities have not drawn on the arrangement and continue to treat it as precautionary. Morocco also meets the PLL qualification criteria, performs strongly in three out of the five PLL qualification areas (monetary, financial, and data), and does not substantially underperform in the fiscal policy, and external position and market access areas.
International Monetary Fund
This paper responds to Directors’ request at the time of the February discussions of the Review of the Flexible Credit Line (FCL), the Precautionary and Liquidity Line (PLL) and the Rapid Financing Instrument (RFI) for further analysis focusing on three key issues: - The alignment of the FCL and PLL qualification criteria. The paper proposes a qualification framework for PLL arrangements based on the nine FCL criteria aiming to improve the transparency and predictability of PLL decisions, while maintaining the current qualification standards. The paper also proposes a refinement of the bank solvency criterion. - The operationalization of an external stress index. The paper proposes a methodology to calculate a new index to strengthen discussions of a country’s external risks. Such an index would be presented to the Board at the time of requests for, or reviews under, FCL and PLL arrangements. - The use of indicators of institutional strength. The paper argues that a limited set of new institutional indicators could be used to help broaden the indicators of institutional strength already identified in the FCL and PLL Operational Guidance Notes
International Monetary Fund

to unify the FCL and PLL qualification criteria ( Section II ); operationalize external risk indices ( Section III ); and broaden the use of indicators of institutional strength ( Section IV ). 3. The paper also considers the case for amending the bank solvency criterion ( Section II ). The current FCL criterion sets a relatively low qualification bar for the soundness of the financial sector expected of FCL qualifying members. Also, as formulated, it does not allow for sufficient differentiation between potential FCL and PLL cases. FCL and PLL

International Monetary Fund

decision, paragraph 2(b)(i)). To help assess qualification, the qualification areas and criteria listed in Annex I should be assessed by staff in the initial short note to the Board and the staff report on the PLL arrangement request. An updated assessment will be made at each review. The PLL qualification criteria, which are the same criteria used for the FCL, are specified in the PLL decision and grouped under the five broad qualification areas also specified in the PLL decision. 20 Specifically, the member will be first assessed against the nine qualification

International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

with staff but not submitted to the Board for endorsement due to the postponement of the First Review. There was a shortfall of about $1.1 billion in the indicative target for reserves for end-March (unadjusted for the lower reserves at end-December). The authorities welcome staff indication that Morocco continues to meet the PLL qualification criteria, performing strongly in the areas of external sector and market access, financial sector and supervision, monetary policy, and data, without significantly underperforming in the fiscal area. They see the PLL as a

International Monetary Fund
This note provides general guidance on the use of the Precautionary and Liquidity Line (PLL). After an overview of the instrument, explaining its specific nature, the operational issues are grouped into five areas: an outline of the process and specific steps that need to be followed if a member expresses interest in an arrangement; guidance on access, phasing, and purchases; guidance on determining qualification of a member and appropriate ex-post conditionality; and a guide to the semi-annual review process.
International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The economy is recovering and the outlook is favorable but still subject to significant risks. After slowing to below 2½ percent in 2014, growth is expected to be close to 5 percent in 2015, boosted by a strong agricultural output and a gradual acceleration of activity in other sectors. Fiscal policy is on track to achieve the annual deficit objective of 4.3 percent of GDP. The external position has improved rapidly, benefiting from lower oil prices and strong export performance. Inflation remains low. However, more remains to be done to reduce unemployment, especially among the youth. Assuming steadfast implementation of reforms, growth should gradually accelerate over the medium term. However, the outlook remains subject to the risks of a structurally weak growth in key advanced economies, tighter or more volatile global financial conditions, and increased volatility of energy prices. Important progress has been made on key reforms; sustaining these efforts will be important to foster higher and more inclusive growth. Significant progress was made in reforming the subsidy system, thereby reducing its costs and associated fiscal risks. At the same time, social programs on health and education were expanded. The adoption of the new organic budget law in May 2015 was a crucial step in improving the fiscal framework, while progress has also been made in upgrading the financial policy framework. Timely reform of the pension system is needed to ensure its viability while extending its coverage. Sustaining efforts to improve the business environment, competition, governance and transparency, as well as the functioning of the job market and the quality of education and vocational training, will also be important for increasing competitiveness, growth, and employment. The program remains on track and Morocco continues to meet the PLL qualification criteria. Both March 2015 quantitative indicative targets were met comfortably. Morocco continues to perform strongly in three out of the five PLL qualification areas, while not substantially underperforming in the fiscal and external areas. Staff recommends the completion of the second review under the arrangement.
International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.
Macroeconomic vulnerabilities have declined since the peak of the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020. The economy is expected to rebound swiftly in 2021 as activities return to normality and the population is increasingly vaccinated. External imbalances are contained. The fiscal position is gradually consolidated as the authorities remain committed to the revised fiscal rule, which will ensure a declining path for the NFPS debt. The outlook remains subject to elevated risks, including uncertainties arising from possible more contagious variants of the COVID-19 virus. Domestic risks include setbacks in implementing the FATF action plan to exit the grey list, delays in fiscal consolidation, and a prolonged pandemic that could exacerbate socioeconomic hardship and derail economic policies and the recovery.
International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, &, Review Department, International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept., and International Monetary Fund. Legal Dept.
This note provides general guidance on the use of the Precautionary and Liquidity Line (PLL). After an overview of the instrument, explaining its specific nature, the operational issues are grouped into five areas: • an outline of the process and specific steps that need to be followed if a member expresses interest in an arrangement; • guidance on access, phasing, and purchases; • guidance on determining qualification of a member and appropriate ex-post conditionality; and • a guide to the semi-annual review process. The note is an aid to the implementation of the policy and its underlying principles. If there is any instance in which a provision of the guidance note or its implementation conflicts with Board policy, Board policy prevails. It will be revised as needed, for example following relevant policy reviews.
International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.
This paper discusses Morocco’s First Review under the Arrangement under the Precautionary and Liquidity Line (PLL). Morocco’s economic fundamentals and policy frameworks are sound. The country is implementing well-constructed policies and remains committed to maintaining such policies in the future. The September 2016 quantitative indicative targets (ITs) were met. The end-March 2017 fiscal deficit ITs were met, but the end-March 2017 reserves ITs were missed owing to the widening current account deficit since July 2016. The authorities have not drawn on the arrangement and continue to treat it as precautionary. The IMF staff recommends the completion of the first review under the PLL arrangement.