Search Results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 84 items for :

  • "OECD labor force statistics" x
Clear All
Patrick Blagrave and Marika Santoro
Gains in labor force participation rates in Chile have slowed in recent years. We examine their determinants using a cohort-model analysis. Allowing for both age- and cohort-specific effects in the context of a seemingly unrelated regression equations (SURE) approach, we find that age factors play an important role in determining participation decisions, especially for males. For females, we find that strong positive time trends dominate the downward pressure from demographics, although those trends have recently dissipated. In addition, we find that both cohort effects and the business cycle shape participation decisions. Using our cohort-based analysis, we construct projections of participation rates, which suggest population aging will put downward pressure on labor inputs, and thus potential output, in coming years. Further increases in female labor force participation—supported by policies— could more than offset the downward pressure from demographics.
LLoyd Kenward

.4 (33.6) 58.7 (34.1) 60.9 (39.8) United Kingdom 72.8 (48.0) 72.4 (50.0) 73.0 (54.7) 73.5 (57.6) North America 65.7 (41.9) 66.8 (46.4) 68.8 (51.9) 72.3 (59.5) Europe 68.8 (46.0) 2 67.3 (44.3) 66.7 (46.6) 66.7 (49.6) 68.7 (46.6) 2 68.1 (47.6) 68.4 (49.9) 70.1 (54.8) Sources: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, OECD Labour Force Statistics : and Fund staff estimates. —Indicates data not available. 1 Data

International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

.6 OECD 69.5 70.0 58.0 59.9 United States 76.9 75.4 69.7 69.2 1 EU15: Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom. 2 G10: Belgium, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, United States. Data: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Labor Force Statistics Database, 2005. Lower taxes and more child care Results from panel regressions suggest

Ms. Evridiki Tsounta

.0 58.0 59.9 United States 76.9 75.4 69.7 69.2 Source: OECD, Labor Force Statistics Database, 2005. After a long period of stability, the Canadian labor participation rate has risen rapidly over the last decade, driven mainly by an increase in female participation ( Figure 1 ). The aggregate participation rate has surpassed that in the United States and converged to the high levels of the Nordic countries. While the male participation rate has fallen modestly since the early 1990s, female participation has risen significantly. At 73